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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics by different levels of physical activity (N = 549)

From: The perceived neighborhood environment is associated with health-enhancing physical activity among adults: a cross-sectional survey of 13 townships in Taiwan

Items Total Low level Moderate level High level X 2a P b
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex 0.099 .952
 Male 195 (35.8) 113 (35.3) 54 (36.5) 28 (36.8)   
 Female 349 (64.2) 207 (64.7) 94 (63.5) 48 (63.2)   
Age 11.619 .071
 18–34 141 (26.0) 95 (29.9) 29 (19.5) 17 (22.4)   
 35–49 151 (27.8) 90 (28.3) 41 (27.5) 20 (26.3)   
 50–64 151 (27.8) 74 (23.2) 49 (32.9) 28 (36.8)   
 ≥ 65 100 (18.4) 59 (18.6) 30 (20.1) 11 (14.5)   
Education 2.225 .694
 < Junior high school 117 (21.5) 75 (23.4) 26 (17.4) 16 (21.1)   
 Senior high school 269 (49.4) 154 (48.1) 78 (52.3) 37 (48.7)   
 > College 159 (29.2) 91 (28.4) 45 (30.2) 23 (30.3)   
BMIc 0.373 .830
 < 24 299 (54.7) 175 (54.2) 80 (54.1) 44 (57.9)   
 ≥ 24 248 (45.3) 148 (45.8) 68 (45.9) 32 (42.1)   
Urbanizationd 0.047 .977
 Urban 383 (70.0) 224 (69.8) 105 (70.0) 54 (71.1)   
 Rural 164 (30.0) 97 (30.2) 45 (30.0) 22 (28.9)   
  1. aResults from the chi-square for the differences between low, moderate, and high levels of physical activity
  2. bThere were no significant differences between various physical activity levels with respect to demographic data (p > 0.05)
  3. cBody mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight
  4. dSeven degrees of urbanization in townships by the standard of Taiwan’s National Health Research Institute were subsequently recoded into two categories, namely, urban and rural