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Table 3 Differences in perception of risk of contracting an environmental pollution-related disease and risk of disease: Prevalence ratio adjusted for all other variables (CI 95%)

From: Risk perception in the population living near the Turin municipal solid waste incineration plant: survey results before start-up and communication strategies

  Allergies Acute respiratory diseases Chronic respiratory diseases Temporary organ damage Liver damage Cancer Leukaemia Congenital defects
How probable do you think it is that the following diseases are due to environmental pollution?
Exposure (vs. Unexposed)
 Exposed 1.02 (0.79–1.31) 1.09 (0.85–1.40) 1.09 (0.84–1.42) 1.15 (0.79–1.69) 1.19 (0.82–1.73) 1.12 (0.87–1.44) 1.36 (1.01–1.83) 1.29 (0.94–1.78)
Sex (vs. Males)
 Females 1.20 (0.92–1.55) 1.03 (0.81–1.32) 1.06 (0.82–1.38) 1.02 (0.69–1.49) 1.15 (0.79–1.67) 1.16 (0.90–1.49) 1.18 (0.88–1.59) 1.18 (0.86–1.63)
Marital Status (vs. Married/cohabiting)
 Single/Widow/er 1.12 (0.75–1.65) 1.17 (0.80–1.70) 1.14 (0.76–1.72) 1.13 (0.62–2.07) 1.30 (0.75–2.25) 1.02 (0.69–1.51) 1.13 (0.73–1.76) 1.14 (0.71–1.84)
 Separated/divorced 1.00 (0.61–1.66) 1.10 (0.68–1.78) 1.02 (0.61–1.72) 1.02 (0.47–2.23) 0.55 (0.20–1.51) 0.81 (0.46–1.44) 0.94 (0.53–1.67) 0.87 (0.45–1.67)
Self-perceived health (vs. Good)
 Poor 1.08 (0.83–1.42) 0.97 (0.75–1.27) 0.91 (0.68–1.22) 0.87 (0.57–1.33) 0.88 (0.59–1.33) 0.99 (0.75–1.30) 1.07 (0.78–1.46) 1.08 (0.77–1.52)
Place of birth (vs. North)
 Centre-South and Islands 0.97 (0.72–1.31) 1.06 (0.80–1.42) 1.08 (0.79–1.46) 1.37 (0.89–2.11) 1.27 (0.83–1.93) 0.99 (0.74–1.33) 1.05 (0.75–1.46) 1.02 (0.70–1.48)
 Foreign 0.87 (0.48–1.58) 1.04 (0.61–1.79) 0.99 (0.54–1.14) 1.16 (0.50–2.73) 0.94 (0.37–2.38) 0.76 (0.39–1.51) 0.70 (0.31–1.61) 0.84 (0.37–1.95)
With children (vs. No)
 Yes 1.23 (0.86–1.76) 1.04 (0.74–1.46) 1.27 (0.87–1.84) 1.16 (0.67–2.03) 1.07 (0.63–1.82) 1.16 (0.80–1.66) 1.28 (0.84–1.97) 1.19 (0.75–1.88)
Age class (vs. > 55 yrs)
  (30.45] 0.91 (0.65–1.28) 1.00 (0.73–1.38) 1.06 (0.76–1.49) 0.85 (0.52–1.40) 0.77 (0.48–1.25) 1.12 (0.81–1.55) 0.93 (0.64–1.37) 1.04 (0.69–1.56)
  (45.55] 1.08 (0.79–1.46) 1.09 (0.81–1.46) 1.04 (0.76–1.42) 0.81 (0.51–1.27) 0.81 (0.52–1.27) 1.14 (0.84–1.54) 0.93 (0.66–1.32) 0.81 (0.55–1.19)
Level of Education (vs. Primary/lower secondary)
 Upper secondary 1.21 (0.90–1.62) 1.16 (0.88–1.53) 1.35 (1.00–1.82) 1.22 (0.73–2.04) 1.40 (0.91–2.14) 1.01 (0.76–1.34) 1.17 (0.84–1.63) 1.15 (0.81–1.64)
 Post secondary 1.29 (0.88–1.90) 1.11 (0.77–1.62) 1.30 (0.88–1.93) 1.31 (0.74–2.33) 1.22 (0.68–2.19) 0.99 (0.67–1.45) 1.09 (0.69–1.73) 1.00 (0.61–1.65)
How probable do you think it is to be at risk for the following environmental pollution-related diseases?
Exposure (vs. Unexposed)
 Exposed 1.61 (1.11–2.33) 1.63 (1.10–2.41) 1.56 (1.04–2.35) 3.66 (1.86–7.19) 2.95 (1.64–5.32) 3.32 (2.11–5.22) 4.55 (2.54–8.14) 6.31 (2.81–14.16)
Sex (vs. Males)
 Females 1.52 (1.06–2.20) 1.39 (0.94–2.04) 1.43 (0.96–2.15) 1.49 (0.84–2.64) 1.33 (0.79–2.25) 1.14 (0.78–1.67) 1.28 (0.80–2.03) 1.19 (0.67–2.10)
Marital Status (vs. Married/cohabiting)
 Single/Widow/er 0.98 (0.56–1.71) 0.81 (0.43–1.52) 0.68 (0.34–1.38) 1.03 (0.41–2.59) 1.25 (0.52–2.99) 0.97 (0.50–1.87) 0.78 (0.34–1.81) 1.55 (0.65–3.71)
 Separated/divorced 0.55 (0.24–1.26) 0.68 (0.29–1.57) 0.79 (0.34–1.83) 1.34 (0.51–3.49) 1.08 (0.42–2.80) 0.94 (0.45–1.97) 0.90 (0.38–2.12) 0.91 (0.32–2.63)
Self-perceived health (vs. Good)
 Poor 1.66 (1.15–2.39) 1.35 (0.91–2.00) 1.54 (1.02–2.32) 0.81 (0.43–1.53) 1.06 (0.61–1.84) 1.17 (0.78–1.74) 1.04 (0.64–1.68) 1.34 (0.76–2.36)
Place of birth (vs. North)
 Centre-South and Islands 1.63 (1.09–2.44) 1.33 (0.87–2.03) 1.22 (0.78–1.91) 1.81 (0.98–3.34) 1.47 (0.85–2.57) 1.16 (0.76–1.75) 1.36 (0.84–2.21) 1.41 (0.78–2.56)
 Foreign 1.03 (0.41–2.58) 0.21 (0.03–1.53) 0.22 (0.03–1.57) 0.67 (0.09–5.04) 0.50 (0.07–3.72) 0.72 (0.22–2.32) 0.74 (0.17–3.10) 0.55 (0.07–4.10)
With children (vs. No)
 Yes 1.27 (0.75–2.16) 1.20 (0.68–2.09) 1.23 (0.68–2.22) 1.29 (0.54–3.07) 1.90 (0.75–4.81) 1.35 (0.74–2.48) 1.16 (0.56–2.40) 1.28 (0.53–3.10)
Age class (vs. > 55 yrs)
  (30.45] 2.06 (1.26–3.36) 1.41 (0.87–2.29) 1.40 (0.84–2.33) 1.11 (0.54–2.26) 1.30 (0.67–2.52) 1.02 (0.62–1.68) 0.94 (0.51–1.71) 0.94 (0.44–2.00)
  (45.55] 1.89 (1.21–2.94) 1.10 (0.69–1.75) 1.09 (0.67–1.77) 0.77 (0.39–1.53) 0.90 (0.49–1.66) 0.96 (0.62–1.49) 0.89 (0.53–1.49) 0.88 (0.46–1.70)
Level of Education (vs. Primary/lower secondary)
 Upper secondary 1.31 (0.88–1.94) 1.21 (0.80–1.84) 1.05 (0.68–1.63) 1.32 (0.71–2.43) 0.69 (0.40–1.21) 0.86 (0.57–1.30) 0.83 (0.51–1.37) 0.74 (0.40–1.37)
 Post secondary 0.87 (0.47–1.60) 0.90 (0.48–1.71) 0.93 (0.49–1.76) 1.30 (0.52–3.25) 0.47 (0.17–1.25) 0.78 (0.41–1.48) 0.67 (0.30–1.50) 0.82 (0.32–2.07)