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Table 1 Sociodemographics and clinical characteristics of patients (N = 220)

From: Prevalence and predictors of depression among hemodialysis patients: a prospective follow-up study

Variables No. (%)
Gender
 Female 98 (45.5)
 Male 122 (55.5)
Age mean (±SD) 56.58 (± 11.09)
Age group (years)
  < 40 17 (7.7)
 41–60 130 (59.1)
  > 60 73 (33.2)
BMI mean (±SD) 23.57 (± 4.31)
BMI Classification
 Underweight 12 (5.5)
 Normal 148 (67.3)
 Overweight 46 (20.9)
 Obese 14 (6.4)
Socioeconomic Status
 Low 39 (17.7)
 Middle 155 (70.5)
 High 26 (11.8)
Education Level
 Uneducated 74 (33.6)
 Educated 146 (66.4)
Marital Status
 Single 18 (8.2)
 Married 202 (91.8)
Race
 Malay 212 (96.4)
 Others 8 (3.6)
Smoking Status
 Current Smoker 73 (33.2)
 Non-Smoker 147 (66.8)
Alcohol
 Current drinker 18 (8.2)
 Non-drinker 202 (91.8)
Drug Addiction
 Current Drug Addiction 35 (15.9)
 No Drug Addiction 185 (84.1)
Employment
 Unemployed 120 (54.5)
 Employed 100 (45.5)
Dialysis Years
 1 year 62 (28.2)
 2–4 years 78 (35.5)
  > 5 years 80 (36.4)
Hemodialysis Centers
 Private 129 (58.6)
 NGO 33 (15)
 Governmental 58 (26.4)
Vascular access
 Fistula 204 (92.7)
 Others 16 (7.3)
Hypertension
 No 18 (8.2)
 Yes 202 (91.8)
Diabetes Mellitus
 No 81 (36.8)
 Yes 139 (63.2)
Cardiovascular Diseases
 No 185 (84.1)
 Yes 35 (15.9)
  1. Other Comorbidities including: Blood clots, depression, asthma, osteoarthritis, pregnancy losses/birth defects and osteoporosis. Low socioeconomic status (≤ RM 2300 or 531 USD), Middle socioeconomic status (RM 2301–5600 or 531–1294 USD) and High socioeconomic status (> RM 5600 or 1294 USD)
  2. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body Mass Index