Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk Factors Associated With Jaundice, Amritsar, Punjab, India, 2013

From: Jaundice outbreak likely caused by HEV in Amritsar, Punjab, India, 2013

Factors Cases Controls OR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
N = 159 % N = 159 %
Male 89 56 91 57.2 0.9 0.6–1.4   
Illiterate 14 8.8 17 10.7 0.8 0.4–1.7   
Family size ≥5 81 51 63 39.6 1.6 1.0–2.4 1.6 0.9–2.7
Non-Sikh (Immigrants) 106 66.6 81 50.9 1.9 1.2–3.0 1.7 0.9–2.8
Water foul smelling 106 66.7 65 40.9 2.8 1.8–4.5 4.0 2.2–7.2
Pipe water supply vs. bore wells 143 89.9 104 65.4 4.7 2.5–8.7 5.1 2.2–11.4
Bucket vs. overhead tank water storage 100 62.9 59 37.1 2.8 1.8–4.5 1.9 0.9–3.5
Purification method vs. none
 Chlorine 41 25.8 19 11.9 1.2 0.6–2.4 0.5 0.2–1.0
 Boiling 17 10.7 55 34.6 0.1 0.1–0.3 0.1 0.05–0.2
 Filter 47 29.6 54 34 0.5 0.2–0.9 1.5 0.6–3.4
Hand washing after defecation with soap vs. not washing 144 90.6 147 87 1.4 0.7–2.8   
Hand washing with soap before eating 122 76.7 130 76.9 0.9 0.5–1.6