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Table 7 Multilevel model with random intercept effects for daily commuting distances

From: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the active commuting behaviors of U.S. Department of the Interior employees

  β p-value
Constant 19.704 <0.001
Year
 2010 1.170 <0.001
 2012 2.508 <0.001
 2013 −0.643 0.002
 2014 -0.063 0.756
 2015 0.082 0.689
 2016 Reference
Work location
 Non-metro 0.466 0.001
 Metro Reference
Commuting mode
 Walk −18.433 <0.001
 Bike −4.600 <0.001
 Mixed-mode −1.021 <0.001
 Non-active Reference
  1. Non-active commuters were respondents who chose to drive some type of vehicle (such as a car) to work for all five days of the survey
  2. Walkers were commuters that walked for at least three commute trips during the sample week
  3. Bikers were commuters that biked for at least three commute trips during the sample week
  4. Mixed-mode described commuters that walked or biked in combination with a non-active mode for at least one trip during the sample week