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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic, sexual health attitudes and practices, and sexual behavior characteristics between youth (16–29) and adult (≥30) GBM in Vancouver, BC (n = 698)

From: HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada

  Younger
(n = 257)
N (%)
Older
(n = 441)
N (%)
P-value
Demographics
 Gender Identity    < 0.001
  Male 244 (94.9) 438 (99.3)  
  Transman/Intersex 13 (5.1) 3 (0.7)  
 Sexual Orientation    0.001
  Gay 216 (84.1) 384 (87.1)  
  Bisexual 14 (5.5) 40 (9.1)  
  Other 27 (10.5) 17 (3.9)  
 Ethnicity    0.098
  White 197 (76.7) 330 (74.8)  
  Indigenous 30 (11.7) 39 (8.8)  
  Asian 8 (3.1) 32 (7.3)  
  Other 22 (8.6) 40 (9.1)  
 HIV Status    < 0.001
  Negative 246 (95.7) 251 (56.9)  
  Positive 11 (4.3) 190 (43.1)  
 Formal Education    0.592
  Did not complete high school 17 (6.6) 34 (7.7)  
  Completed high school 240 (93.4) 407 (92.3)  
 Annual Income    < 0.001
  < $30,000 185 (72.0) 242 (54.9)  
  $30,000–$59,999 61 (23.7) 126 (28.6)  
  $60,000 or more 11 (4.3) 73 (16.6)  
 Relationship Status    0.038
  Single 169 (65.8) 255 (57.8)  
  Partnered 88 (34.2) 186 (42.2)  
Behavior
 Number of Male Sex Partners, P6M: median, Q1-Q3 5 (3–11) 5 (2–19) 0.340
 Sexual Risk, P6M    0.002
  No anal sex 27 (10.7) 55 (12.8)  
  Only condom-protected anal intercourse 69 (27.3) 78 (18.1)  
  Any condomless anal sex, but only seroconcordant 76 (30.0) 106 (24.7)  
  Any serodiscordant condomless anal sex 81 (32.0) 191 (44.4)  
 Any Escort/Sex Work    < 0.001
  No 223 (86.8) 350 (79.4)  
  Yes, in P6M 20 (7.8) 24 (5.4)  
  Yes, but not in P6M 14 (5.5) 67 (15.2)  
 Prevention Practice, P6M: Consistent Condom Use    < 0.001
  No 83 (32.4) 239 (54.4)  
  Yes 173 (67.6) 200 (45.6)  
 Prevention Practice, P6M: Seropositioning    < 0.001
  No 203 (79.3) 288 (65.6)  
  Yes 53 (20.7) 151 (34.4)  
 Prevention Practice, P6M: Serosorting    0.384
  No 155 (60.5) 251 (57.2)  
  Yes 101 (39.5) 188 (42.8)  
Prevention Practice, P6M: Viral Load Sorting    < 0.001
  No 237 (92.6) 326 (74.3)  
  Yes 19 (7.4) 113 (25.7)  
Prevention Practice, P6M: Ask Partner Their HIV Status    0.015
  No 89 (34.8) 194 (44.2)  
  Yes 167 (65.2) 245 (55.8)  
Awareness and Attitudes
 Heard of TasP    0.009
  No 139 (54.1) 193 (43.9)  
  Yes 118 (45.9) 247 (56.1)  
 Heard of PrEP    < 0.001
  No 178 (85.6) 243 (70.6)  
  Yes 30 (14.4) 101 (29.4)  
 Heard of nPEP    0.078
  No 100 (48.1) 139 (40.4)  
  Yes 108 (51.9) 205 (59.6)  
 HIV Treatment Optimism Scale Score    < 0.001
  median, Q1-Q3 24 (21–27) 26 (21–30)  
Health Care
 Any STI Testing, P6M    0.205
  No 98 (43.0) 149 (37.8)  
  Yes 130 (57.0) 245 (62.2)  
 Any STI Diagnosis, P6M    0.774
  No 221 (88.0) 364 (88.8)  
  Yes 30 (12.0) 46 (11.2)  
 Have a General Practitioner (GP)    < 0.001
  No 138 (54.3) 82 (18.8)  
  Yes 116 (45.7) 355 (81.2)  
 Told GP about sexual orientation “out”a    < 0.001
  No 38 (32.8) 31 (8.7)  
  Yes 78 (67.2) 324 (91.3)  
  1. P6M past 6 months, TasP treatment as prevention, PreP Pre-exposure Prophylatic, nPEP Post-exposure prophylactic, STI Sexually Transmitted Infection, HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus, GP General Practioner
  2. aOnly asked to those that reported having a GP