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Table 3 Results for random intercept multilevel models

From: Measuring the impact of multiple discrimination on depression in Europe

Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
One reason discrimination 1.629*** (0.099) 1.629*** (0.099) 1.629*** (0.099) 1.166*** (0.350) 1.497*** (0.222) 1.994*** (0.425)
Two or more reasons 2.055*** (0.166) 2.056*** (0.166) 2.057*** (0.166) 2.547*** (0.579) 2.504*** (0.399) 3.392*** (0.702)
Female 0.807*** (0.044) 0.807*** (0.044) 0.806*** (0.044) 0.807*** (0.044) 0.807*** (0.044) 0.808 (0.044)
30–39 0.192*** (0.079) 0.193*** (0.079) 0.192*** (0.079) 0.192*** (0.079) 0.193*** (0.079) 0.191*** (0.079)
40–49 0.463*** (0.077) 0.463*** (0.077) 0.463*** (0.077) 0.4634*** (0.077) 0.464*** (0.077) 0.461*** (0.077)
50–59 0.620*** (0.075) 0.620*** (0.075) 0.620*** (0.075) 0.620*** (0.075) 0.621*** (0.075) 0.617*** (0.075)
60–69 0.210*** (0.076) 0.211*** (0.076) 0.210*** (0.076) 0.209*** (0.076) 0.212*** (0.076) 0.205*** (0.076)
> 70 0.546*** (0.081) 0.547*** (0.081) 0.547*** (0.081) 0.544*** (0.081) 0.547*** (0.081) 0.542*** (0.081)
Lower secondary −0.336*** (0.093) − 0.335*** (0.093) − 0.336*** (0.092) − 0.338*** (0.092) − 0.335*** (0.092) − 0.339*** (0.092)
Upper secondary −0.926*** (0.088) − 0.925*** (0.088) − 0.926*** (0.088) − 0.927*** (0.088) −0.925*** (0.088) − 0.927*** (0.088)
Post-secondary −0.981*** (0.098) −0.980*** (0.098) − 0.979*** (0.098) −0.983*** (0.098) − 0.979*** (0.098) −0.982*** (0.098)
Tertiary −1.114*** (0.094) −1.113*** (0.094) −1.113*** (0.094) −1.116*** (0.094) −1.113*** (0.094) −1.114*** (0.094)
Quartile 2 −1.149*** (0.062) − 1.150*** (0.062) − 1.150*** (0.062) − 1.150*** (0.062) − 1.150*** (0.062) − 1.151*** (0.062)
Quartile 3 −1.620*** (0.059) −1.621*** (0.059) − 1.621*** (0.059) −1.621*** (0.059) − 1.621*** (0.059) −1.623*** (0.059)
Quartile 4 −2.102*** (0.073) −2.102*** (0.073) −2.102*** (0.073) −2.103*** (0.073) −2.102*** (0.073) −2.103*** (0.073)
Risk of poverty 0.088*** (0.026)    0.088*** (0.027)   
One reason * Risk Pov.     0.021 (0.015)   
Two or more * Risk Pov.     −0.022 (0.025)   
Unemploy.   0.066 (0.039)    0.066 (0.039)  
One reason * Unemploy.      0.014 (0.021)  
Two or more * Unemploy.      −0.050 (0.040)  
GDP per capita    −0.023*** (0.004)    −0.023*** (0.004)
One reason * GDP       −0.003 (0.004)
Two or more reasons * GDP       −0.012** (0.006)
Constant 4.412*** (0.610) 5.722*** (0.434) 8.890*** (0.493) 4.429*** (0.612) 5.721*** (0.434) 8.890*** (0.492)
Level 2 (sig_u) −0.317** (0.165) −0.152 (0.164) −0.565*** (0.167) −0.316* (0.165) − 0.152 (0.164) −0.565*** (0.167)
Level 1 (sig_e) 1.315*** (0.004) 1.315*** (0.004) 1.315*** (0.004) 1.315*** (0.004) 1.315*** (0.004) 1.315*** (0.004)
Log likelihood −8.0e+ 04 −8.0e+ 04 −8.0e+ 04 −8.0e+ 04 −8.0e+ 04 −8.0e+ 04
Wald Chi Square 2985.123 2975.934 3005.669 2988.161 2978.154 3010.905
AIC 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05
BIC 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05 1.6e+ 05
Countries 20 20 20 20 20 20
  1. Note: Significance level *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.10. Standard errors in parenthesis (n = 40,185)