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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of MetS components and demographic components of the study population

From: Prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome and its components among provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia

Characteristics Total (%) MetS (%) Non-MetS(%) p
Gender (%)  
 Male 3886 (45.33) 459 (24.72) 3427 (51.03) < 0.001
 Female 4687 (54.67) 1398 (75.28) 3289 (48.97)
Age Group
 Pre-elderly 6987 (81.50) 1491 (80.29) 5496 (81.83) 0.129
 Elderly 1586 (18.50) 366 (19.71) 1220 (18.17)
 Average age (Mean ± SD) 53.77 ± 10.99 54.48 ± 10.92 53.57 ± 11.01 0.0017
Ethnic Group (%)a
 Javanese 3979 (46.41) 790 (42.54) 3189 (47.48) < 0.001
 Sundanese 1022 (11.92) 220 (11.85) 802 (11.94)
 Balinese 461 (5.38) 68 (3.66) 393 (5.85)
 Batak 257 (3) 60 (3.23) 197 (2.93)
 Buginese 303 (3.53) 61 (3.28) 242 (3.60)
 Chinese 87 (1.01) 21 (1.13) 66 (0.98)
 Madurese 285 (3.32) 57 (3.07) 228 (3.39)
 Sasak 329 (3.84) 107 (5.76) 222 (3.31)
 Minangkabau 349 (4.07) 109 (5.87) 240 (3.57)
 Banjarese 215 (2.51) 49 (2.64) 166 (2.47)
 Bima-Dompu 99 (1.15) 21 (1.13) 78 (1.16)
 Makassar 99 (1.15) 28 (1.51) 71 (1.06)
 Nias 34 (0.4) 5 (0.27) 29 (0.43)
 Palembang 32 (0.37) 8 (0.43) 24 (0.36)
 Sumbawa 41 (0.48) 13 (0.70) 28 (0.42)
 Toraja 45 (0.52) 12 (0.65) 33 (0.49)
 Betawi 271 (3.16) 92 (4.95) 179 (2.67)
 Dayak 6 (0.07) 0 (0.00) 6 (0.09)
 Malay 60 (0.7) 12 (0.65) 48 (0.71)
 Komering 6 (0.07) 1 (0.05) 5 (0.07)
 Ambon 9 (0.1) 1 (0.05) 8 (0.12)
 Manado 3 (0.03) 1 (0.05) 2 (0.03)
 Acehnese 11 (0.13) 5 (0.27) 6 (0.09)
 Sumbagsel# 274 (3.2) 53 (2.85) 221 (3.29)
 Bantenese 26 (0.3) 8 (0.43) 18 (0.27)
 Cirebonese 161 (1.88) 26 (1.40) 135 (2.01)
 Others 109 (1.27) 29 (1.56) 80 (1.19)
Geographic factor (%)
 Urban 4526 (52.79) 1140 (61.39) 3386 (50.42) < 0.001
 Rural 4047 (47.21) 717 (38.61) 3330 (49.58)
Anthropometric Parameter (Mean ± SD)
 Height (m) 1.540 ± 0.08353 1.527 ± 0.08056 1.544 ± 0.08396 < 0.0001
 Weight (kg) 56.15 ± 10.86 62.51 ± 11.89 54.40 ± 9.863 < 0.0001
 BMI (kg/m2) 23.62 ± 3.952 26.71 ± 4.001 22.77 ± 3.487 < 0.0001
 WC (cm) 82.83 ± 10.79 92.63 ± 8.509 80.12 ± 9.741 < 0.0001
Blood Pressure (Mean ± SD)
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 140.1 ± 24.32 154.4 ± 22.58 136.2 ± 23.28 < 0.0001
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 83.38 ± 11.98 90.32 ± 11.37 81.46 ± 11.43 < 0.0001
Other Characteristics (Mean ± SD or %)
 HDL-Cholesterol (mg/dl) 40.56 ± 14.43 39.50 ± 9.084 42.23 ± 15.18 < 0.0001
 Cholesterol treatment 19 (0.22) 13 (0.70) 6 (0.09) < 0.001
 Diabetes treatment 70 (0.82) 59 (3.18) 11 (0.16) < 0.001
 Hypertension treatment 216 (2.52) 110 (5.92) 106 (1.58) < 0.001
  1. aEthnic group names are based on Demography of Indonesia’s Ethnicity book and IFLS 4 codebook’s original name; #Sumbagsel in southern Sumatra consists of Jambi and Bengkulu ethnic groups
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