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Table 3 HIV prevalence rate (per 100) among children by 24 months according to selected characteristics

From: Incidence, prevalence and associated factors of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, among children exposed to maternal HIV, in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India

Characteristics Number of exposed babies Number of infected babies Prevalence rate 95% CI
Age of mother at pregnancy
  < 20 23 1 4.35 0.61 30.87
 20–24 204 15 7.35 4.43 12.20
 25–29 191 14 7.33 4.34 12.38
 30+ 69 8 11.59 5.80 23.18
Education of mother
 Illiterate 169 15 8.88 5.35 14.72
 Primary school 98 7 7.14 3.41 14.98
 Above primary school 220 16 7.27 4.46 11.87
Working status of mother
 Not working 416 33 7.93 5.64 11.16
 Working 71 5 7.04 2.93 16.92
Know HIV positive status prior to pregnancy
 No 384 29 7.55 5.25 10.87
 Yes 101 9 8.91 4.64 17.13
Status of ART initiation by mother
 Not on ART 238 18 7.56 4.77 12.00
 Started ART more than 90 days prior to delivery 121 14 11.57 6.85 19.54
 Started ART within 90 days prior to delivery 83 4 4.82 1.81 12.84
 Started ART after delivery 45 2 4.44 1.11 17.77
Sex of the child
 Boy 249 22 8.84 5.82 13.42
 Girl 238 16 6.72 4.12 10.97
Status of Nevirapine administration
 Any one given Nevirapine 58 3 5.17 1.67 16.04
 Both, mother and baby given Nevirapine 404 29 7.18 4.99 10.33
 None given Nevirapine 25 6 24.00 10.78 53.42
Duration of breastfeeding
 Not breastfed 164 4 2.44 0.92 6.50
 1–26 weeks 240 23 9.58 6.37 14.42
 Above 26 weeks 82 11 13.41 7.43 24.22
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 433 37 8.55 6.19 11.79
 Caesarean 54 1 1.85 0.26 13.15
Total 487 38 7.80 5.68 10.72
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