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Table 1 Age-adjusted descriptive characteristics of persons without diabetes

From: The association between anthropometric measures and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is different in Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants compared with the general population in Finland: a cross-sectional population-based study

  General population Russian origin Somali origin Kurdish origin
mean (95% CI) mean (95% CI) mean (95% CI) mean (95% CI)
Men, N 277 101 67 141
 Age, years 46.4 (44.8–48.0) 43.4 (41.3–45.5)* 39.6 (37.5–41.7)*** 40.9 (39.7–42.1)***
 Weight, kg 85.3 (83.2–87.4) 82.6 (79.6–85.6) 74.0 (71.5–76.5)*** 80.6 (78.8–82.4)**
 Height, cm 180.2 (179.1–181.3) 176.7 (175.4–177.9)*** 175.0 (173.4–176.6)*** 171.5 (170.5–172.4)***
 Hip circumference, cm N/A 100.3 (98.7–101.8) 99.8 (98.3–101.4) 97.1 (96.0–98.2)
 Waist circumference 93.9 (92.4–95.4) 92.3 (89.7–94.9) 85.4 (83.5–87.2)*** 92.8 (91.5–134.8)
 Body mass index, kg/m2 26.2 (25.7–26.7) 26.5 (25.6–27.4) 24.2 (23.4–25.0)*** 27.4 (26.9–27.9)**
 Waist-to-height ratio 0.52 (0.51–0.53) 0.52 (0.51–0.54) 0.49 (0.48–0.50)*** 0.54 (0.53–0.55)**
 Waist-to-hip ratio N/A 0.92 (0.90–0.93) 0.85 (0.84–0.87) 0.95 (0.94–0.96)
 HbA1c, mmol/mol 35.2 (34.8–35.6) 33.5 (32.9–34.1)*** 35.4 (34.7–36.2) 34.8 (34.3–35.4)
 HbA1c, % 5.4 (5.3–5.4) 5.2 (5.2–5.3)*** 5.4 (5.3–5.5) 5.3 (5.3–5.4)
 Fasting glucosea 5.2 (5.1–5.3) 5.6 (5.5–5.7)*** 5.6 (5.5–5.7)*** 5.7 (5.7–5.8)***
Women, N 376 192 117 134
 Age, years 47.0 (45.9–48.1) 46.7 (45.3–48.0) 41.8 (40.2–43.5)*** 40.5 (39.4–41.6)***
 Weight, kg 71.8 (70.3–73.4) 69.9 (68.1–71.8) 79.6 (76.9–82.3)*** 69.8 (68.2–71.4)
 Height 166.1 (165.3–166.9) 163.8 (162.9–164.7)*** 161.9 (160.8–162.9)*** 157.5 (156.6–158.3)***
 Hip circumference, cm N/A 101.9 (100.4–103.3) 109.4 (107.5–111.3) 99.3 (98.0–100.7)
 Waist circumference 86.1 (84.6–87.6) 84.1 (82.3–85.9) 87.5 (85.5–89.5) 86.8 (85.3–88.4)
 Body mass index, kg/m2 26.1 (25.5–26.6) 26.1 (25.4–26.9) 30.3 (29.4–31.3)*** 28.1 (27.5–28.7)***
 Waist-to-height ratio 0.52 (0.51–0.53) 0.51 (0.50–0.53) 0.54 (0.53–0.55)** 0.55 (0.54–0.56)***
 Waist-to-hip ratio N/A 0.82 (0.81–0.83) 0.80 (0.78–0.82) 0.87 (0.86–0.88)
 HbA1c, mmol/mol 35.5 (35.2–35.8) 34.5 (34.0–34.9)*** 36.2 (35.5–36.9)* 34.8 (34.3–35.2)*
 HbA1c, % 5.4 (5.4–5.4) 5.3 (5.3–5.3)*** 5.5 (5.4–5.5)* 5.4 (5.3–5.4)*
 Fasting glucosea 4.9 (4.9–5.0) 5.5 (5.5–5.6) 5.5 (5.4–5.6)*** 5.5 (5.4–5.6)***
  1. 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval
  2. P-value is presented for the difference between each migrant group and the general Finnish population. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  3. aFasting glucose is limited to a 4-17 h fasting range; analyses including glucose are adjusted for fasting