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Table 3 Factors associated with traditional perception regarding the causes of schizophrenia among Feresbet district residents, December 1st, 2016 to February 1st, 2017(n = 952)

From: Perception regarding the causes of schizophrenia and associated factors among Feresbet district residents: a community based study

Variable Categories Perceived cause COR with 95% CI AOR with 95% CI
Traditional Bio-psychosocial
Age in years 18–24 170 107 1.00 1.00
25–44 244 99 1.55 (1.10,2.17) 1.61(1.07,2.43)*
45–64 156 30 3.27 (2.06,5.18) 3.66(2.13,6.30)***
> = 65 132 14 5.93(3.25,10.83) 5.99(3.05,11.77)***
Sex Male 271 136 1.00 1.00
Female 431 114 1.89 (1.41,2.54) 1.75 (1.24,2.48)**
Marital status Married 207 120 1.00 1.00
Single 278 69 2.33 (1.65,3.30) 2.94 (1.89,4.58)***
Separated 81 12 3.91 (2.05,7.47) 4.59 (2.15,9.80)***
Divorced 58 21 1.60 (0.92,2.76) 1.58 (0.84,3.00)
Widowed 78 28 1.61 (0.99,2.62) 1.18 (0.66,2.10)
Educational level Unable to read& write 149 15 6.00(3.31,11.10) 4.00 (2.06,7.78)***
Able to read &write 122 17 4.36 (2.44,7.78) 2.56 (1.30,5.04)**
Primary 143 42 2.06 (1.32,3.22) 1.19 (0.70,2.03)
Secondary 158 97 0.99 (0.67,1.44) 0.69 (0.43,1.09)
Diploma and above 130 79 1.00 1.00
Occupational status Government employed 117 98 1.00 1.00
Unemployed 138 26 4.44 (2.70,7.31) 5.25(2.95,9.32)***
Private business 151 33 3.83 (2.41,6.08) 4.04 (2.33,7.00)***
Daily laborer 38 11 2.89 (1.40,5.96) 2.29 (0.97,5.37)
Homemakers 169 25 5.66 (3.44,9.32) 4.82 (2.75,8.43)***
Student 63 47 1.12 (0.70,1.78) 0.72 (0.40,1.31)
Othersa 26 10 2.17 (1.00,4.73) 1.08 (0.43,2.69)
Family system Nuclear 545 226 1.00 1.00
Extended 157 24 2.71(1.71,4.28) 2.18 (1.28,3.70)*
Exposure to mentally ill person/s Yes 175 50 1.32(0.93,1.89) 0.89 (0.58,1.36)
No 527 200 1.00 1.00
  1. *P-value< 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. aothers = local beer making, house servant etc