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Table 2 Prevalence and frequency of intimate partner violence in last 6 months among female sex workers

From: What determines violence among female sex workers in an intimate partner relationship? Findings from North Karnataka, south India

Forms of violence Last six-month prevalence
Violence experienced Frequency of events
  Once Few times Many times
n (%, 95 CI) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Physical violence
 Any physical violence 205 (33.1%, 29.5–37.1) 108 (17.4) 81 (13.1) 16 (2.6)
Moderate physical violence:
 Pushed, shaken, or thrown something 146 (23.6%, 20.3–27.1) 74 (12.0) 58 (9.4) 14 (2.3)
 Slapped or shoved 109 (17.6%, 14.6–29.8) 52 (8.4) 42 (6.8) 15 (2.4)
 Any moderate physical violence 170 (27.4%, 23.9–31.1) 87 (14.0) 67 (10.8) 15 (2.4)
Severe physical violence:
 Hit with a fist that could hurt 102 (16.5%, 13.6–19.6) 65 (10.5) 24 (3.9) 13 (2.1)
 Kicked/dragged or beating 97 (15.7%, 12.9–18.8) 43 (6.9) 41 (6.6) 13 (2.1)
 Choked or burnt on purpose 9 (1.5%, 0.7–2.7) 5 (0.8) 1 (0.2) 3 (0.5)
 Threatened to use or actually used a knife, gun or any other weapon 4 (0.6%, 0.2–1.6) 3 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
 Any severe physical violence 146 (23.5%, 20.3–27.1) 84 (13.5) 47 (7.6) 14 (2.3)
Sexual violence
 Physically forced you to have sex when she did not want to 35 (5.6%, 4.0–7.8) 18 (2.9) 13 (2.1) 4 (0.6)
 Used threats of violence or rejection to force her to have sex when she did not want to 21 (3.4%, 2.1–5.1) 11 (1.8) 6 (1.0) 4 (0.6)
 Forced her to do something sexual that she found degrading or humiliating 7 (1.1%, 0.5–2.3) 7 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Any sexual violence 41 (6.6%, 4.8–8.9) 22 (3.6) 13 (2.2) 4 (0.7)
Emotional violence
 Said or did something to humiliate her in front of others 260 (41.9%, 38.0–45.9) 182 (29.4) 61 (9.8) 17 (2.7)
 Threatened to hurt or harm her or someone close to her 140 (22.6%, 19.3–26.1) 94 (15.2) 40 (6.5) 6 (1.0)
 Insulted repeatedly to make her feel bad about herself 161 (26.0%, 22.6–29.6) 103 (16.6) 45 (7.3) 13 (2.1)
 Did things to scare or intimidate her on purpose 145 (23.4%, 20.1–26.9) 79 (12.7) 49 (7.9) 17 (2.7)
 Any emotional violence 305 (49.2%, 45.2–53.2) 160 (25.8) 124 (20.0) 20 (3.2)
Severity of violence
 Experienced severe physical and/or sexual violence 151 (24.4%, 21.0–27.9)