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Table 2 Adolescent criminality and hospital diagnosesa Chi2, Signb

From: Adolescent criminality: multiple adverse health outcomes and mortality pattern in Swedish men

  No crime (n = 45,899) Non-violent (n = 2744) Violent (n = 194) Chi2, Sign.
Alcohol + Drug 5.33% 23.69% 34.36% χ2 = 1033.23, p < .0001
Suicide attempt 2.10% 8.56% 14.36% χ2 = 228.41, p < .0001
Accidents 21.79% 37.42% 37.95% χ2 = 330.21, p < .0001
Circulatory disease 14.34% 18.30% 18.97% χ2 = 48.85, p < .0001
Neoplasm 5.26% 6.24% 9.23% χ2 = 15.63, p = .0004
Other diagnoses 29.07% 22.48% 21.54% χ2 = 16.12, p < .0003
Any inpatient care stays 65.78% 79.09% 83.08% χ2 = 156.45, p < .0001
  1. aOne subject can have several diagnoses
  2. bLikelihood ratio test adjusted for time and mortality (PHREG)