Skip to main content

Table 2 Questionnaire data regarding the awareness and perception of hypertension and CVD, categorized per gender

From: Hypertension in a rural community in South Africa: what they know, what they think they know and what they recommend

  Female (n = 229 (50.8%)) Male (n = 222 (49.2%))
yes no don’t know yes no don’t know
Has family members with hypertension 124 (54.1) 103 (45.0) 2 (0.9) 69 (31.1) 145 (65.3) 8 (3.6)
Has acquaintances with hypertension 99 (43.2) 124 (54.1) 6 (2.6) 53 (23.9) 157 (70.7) 12 (5.4)
Risk factors associated with hypertension:
 Physical exercise 111 (48.5) 104 (45.4) 14 (6.1) 103 (46.4) 105 (47.3) 14 (6.3)
 Smoking 137 (59.8) 59 (25.8) 33 (14.4) 169 (76.1) 34 (15.3) 19 (8.6)
 Diet 126 (55.0) 89 (38.9) 14 (6.1) 114 (51.4) 82 (36.9) 26 (11.7)
 Stress 205 (89.5) 23 (10.0) 1 (0.4) 175 (78.8) 34 (15.3) 13 (5.9)
 Religion 45 (19.7) 156 (68.1) 28 (12.2) 30 (13.5) 163 (73.4) 29 (13.1)
 Family History 137 (59.8) 62 (27.1) 30 (13.1) 115 (51.8) 75 (33.8) 32 (14.4)
 Alcohol Consumption 151 (65.9) 44 (19.2) 34 (14.8) 168 (75.7) 32 (14.4) 22 (9.9)
 Gender 54 (23.6) 144 (62.9) 31 (13.5) 46 (20.7) 148 (66.7) 28 (12.6)
 The weather 101 (44.1) 105 (45.9) 23 (10.0) 103 (46.4) 96 (43.2) 23 (10.4)
 Salt Intake 194 (84.7) 28 (12.2) 7 (3.1) 185 (83.3) 25 (11.3) 12 (5.4)
 Pregnancy 165 (72.1) 46 (20.1) 18 (7.9) 96 (43.2) 60 (27.0) 66 (29.7)
Statements:
 Hypertension is bad for you 188 (82.1) 41 (17.9) NA 189 (85.1) 33 (14.9) NA
 Fast food increases blood pressure 195 (85.2) 34 (14.8) NA 176 (79.3) 46 (20.7) NA
Salt increases blood pressure 206 (90.0) 23 (10.0) NA 205 (92.3) 17 (7.7) NA
Alcohol increases blood pressure 184 (80.3) 45 (19.7) NA 195 (87.8) 27 (12.2) NA
Blood pressure improves by a healthy diet 211 (92.1) 18 (7.9) NA 200 (90.1) 22 (9.9) NA
Blood pressure improves with exercise 213 (93.0) 16 (7.0) NA 200 (90.1) 22 (9.9) NA
Blood pressure can be managed by going to church 95 (41.5) 134 (58.5) NA 84 (37.8) 138 (62.2) NA
Blood pressure can be managed by praying 103 (45.0) 126 (55.0) NA 93 (41.9) 129 (58.1) NA
Blood pressure can be managed by a traditional healer 30 (13.1) 199 (86.9) NA 33 (14.9) 189 (85.1) NA
High blood pressure makes you feel sick 205 (89.5) 24 (10.5) NA 198 (89.2) 24 (10.8) NA
High blood pressure is a rare condition 80 (34.9) 149 (65.1) NA 89 (40.1) 133 (59.9) NA
High blood pressure prevents the development of heart disease 57 (24.9) 172 (75.1) NA 66 (29.7) 156 (70.3) NA
High blood pressure increases the risk of a stroke 215 (93.9) 14 (6.1) NA 205 (92.3) 17 (7.7) NA
If you ignore it, high blood pressure will go away on its own 69 (30.1) 160 (69.9) NA 49 (22.1) 173 (77.9) NA
  1. Abbreviations: NA, not applicable