Skip to main content

Table 1 Univariate analysis of child and maternal characteristics in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis cases and controls

From: Association of childhood pulmonary tuberculosis with exposure to indoor air pollution: a case control study

  cases (n = 107) controls (n = 127)  
n (%) n (%) Crude OR (95% CI)
Child Characteristics
Sex
  Female 55 (51) 74 (58)  
Male 52 (49) 53 (42) 1.3 (0.8–2.2)
Age
  ≤2 26 (24) 12 (9)  
> 2 to ≤15 81 (76) 115 (91) 0.3 (0.2–0.7)
Hospitalization since birth
  No 42 (39) 99 (78)  
Yes 65 (61) 28 (22) 5.5 (3.1–9.7)
HIV test done
  No 17 (16) 74 (58)  
Yes 90 (84) 53 (42) 7.4 (4.0–14)
 HIV positive**
  No 46 (51) 49 (92)  
Yes 44 (49) 4 (8) 12 (3.9–35)
 ARV treatment before TB diagnosis#
  Yes 23 (52) 1 (25)  
No 21 (48) 3 (75) 3.3 (0.3–34)
Household TB contact
  No 39 (36) 95 (75)  
Yes 67 (63) 32 (25) 5.0 (2.8–8.7)
Maternal Characteristics
Caregiver education
  Post high school 6 (6) 19 (15)  
High school + below 101 (94) 108 (85) 3.0 (1.1–7.7)
  1. Significant difference in households with different characteristics for both cases and controls are shown in bold
  2. ARV antiretroviral
  3. **n = 143
  4. #n = 48