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Table 5 Characteristics of measles-related death cases and risk factors for death in Mongolia, March 2015–December 2016 (N = 53,737)

From: Epidemiological characteristics and trends of a Nationwide measles outbreak in Mongolia, 2015–2016

  Death Survival Unadjusted Adjusted e
n or Median (IQR) n or Median (IQR) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Total 120 53,617   
Gender
 Male 70 26,783 1.4 (0.98–2.0)  
 Female 50 26,834 Ref  
Age (years) 0.56 (0.39–0.75) 19.0 (4.8–25.0) d   
  < 1 104 9872 28.8 (17.0–48.8)*** 25.0 (14.7–42.6)***
  ≥ 1 16 43,745 Ref Ref
Residence
 Ulaanbaatar 43 35,354 0.29 (0.20–0.42)*** 0.34 (0.23–0.51)***
 Other Aimags 77 18,263 Ref Ref
Complication a
 Complications b 13 996 6.4 (3.6–11.5)*** 2.2 (1.2–4.0)**
 No complications c 107 52,621 Ref Ref
Route of transmission
 Nosocomial infection 11 1091 4.9 (2.6–9.1)*** 2.1 (1.1–3.9)**
 Others 109 52,526 Ref Ref
  1. ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001; IQR, interquartile range; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. aComplications at the time of incident report
  3. bB05.0, B05.1, B05.2, B05.3, B05.4, B05.8
  4. cB05.9
  5. dP < 0.001 (Mann-Whitney U test)
  6. eAdjusted by age, region, complication, and route of transmission