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Table 3 Baseline and 16-week differences in body fat between study groups and treatment effects

From: Effect of diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat in postmenopausal women – a randomised trial

Type of abdominal adipose tissue Baseline mean 16 weeks mean % Within group 16 weeks change Within group 16 weeks change (95% CI) P-valuea Between group 16 weeks change intervention vs control (95% CI) P-valueb Between group 16 weeks change Exercise vs Diet (95% CI) P-valuec
Total (TAAT, cm2)
 Control 461 466 1.1% 4.9 (−4.1 to 13.9) 0.282     
 Diet 454 398 −12.3% −55.8 (−63.8 to − 47.8) < 0.001 −60.8 (− 74.3 to − 47.3) < 0.001   
 Exercise+diet 449 379 −15.7% −70.4 (−78.5 to −62.2) < 0.001 −75.4 (−88.8 to −61.9) < 0.001 − 14.6 (−25.5 to −3.7) 0.009
Subcutaneous (SAAT,cm2)
 Control 311 315 1.2% 3.6 (−3.5 to 10.7) 0.308     
 Diet 312 273 −12.5% − 38.9 (−44.7 to − 33.0) < 0.001 −42.4 (−52.6 to − 32.3) < 0.001   
 Exercise+diet 306 257 −16.0% −49.1 (−55.4 to − 42.8) < 0.001 −53.0 (−63.1 to − 42.9) < 0.001 −10.6 (− 18.7 to − 2.4) 0.011
Intra-abdominal (IAAT,cm2)
 Control 150 152 1.6% 2.4 (−3.4 o 8.2) 0.406     
 Diet 142 125 −12.0% −17.0 (−20.9 to −13.0) < 0.001 −20.1 (− 26.6 to −13.75) < 0.001   
 Exercise+diet 143 122 −14.6% −20.9 (− 24.4 to −17.4) < 0.001 −24.0 (−30.4 to − 17.6) < 0.001 − 3.8 (−9.0 to 1.3) 0.145
  1. TAAT Total abdominal adipose tissue, SAAT Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue, IAAT Intra-abdominal adipose tissue a. A P-value of < 0.05 was considered significant for the within group change
  2. b. A P-value of < 0.025 was considered significant for the comparison of both intervention groups versus control. c. A P-value of < 0.05 was considered significant for the comparison exercise versus diet