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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the SHAPE-2 study population

From: Effect of diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat in postmenopausal women – a randomised trial

  Control group (n = 48) Diet group (n = 97) Exercise+diet group (n = 98)
  Mean (standard deviation)
Age (years) 60.0 (4.9) 60.5 (4.6) 59.5 (4.9)
Time since last menses (years) 11.4 (7.8) 10.7 (6.1) 10.9 (7.7)
Educationa, number (%)
 Low 15 (31.3%) 27 (27.8%) 33 (33.6%)
 Middle 15 (31.3%) 27 (27.8%) 20 (20.4%)
 High 18 (37.5%) 42 (43.3%) 44 (44.9%)
 First degree family member with breast cancer, number (%) 9 (18.8%) 23 (23.7%) 24 (24.5%)
 VO2peak, relative (mL/kg/min) 22.1 (4.7) 21.9 (4.0) 21.8 (3.7)
 Weight (kg) 80.9 (10.0) 80.0 (8.6) 80.4 (9.0)
 BMI (kg/m2) 29.5 (2.6) 29.3 (2.5) 29.0 (2.9)
Body composition by DEXA
 Body fat percentage (%) 43.6 (5.0) 44.1 (3.8) 43.8 (4.0)
 Total body fat (kg) 34.2 (7.4) 33.9 (5.7) 33.9 (6.2)
 Lean mass (kg) 43.4 (3.9) 42.7 (4.0) 43.1 (4.1)
SQUASH moderate and vigorous activityb (min/week) Dietary composition (%) 270 (120–495) 184 (115–420) 248 (90–465)
 Fat 32 32 34
 Carbohydrates 45 44 43
 Protein 17 19 18
 Alcohol 3 3 3
 Undefined 3 2 2
  1. Available baseline data: family history of breast cancer, n = 241 (99.2%); DEXA scan n = 240 (98.8%); MRI scan n = 239 (98.4%); VO2peak n = 237 (97.5%); All other data was available for all women (n = 243)
  2. a Education, low: primary school and technical/professional school. Middle: college degree. High: university degree
  3. b Based on the SQUASH physical activity questionnaire, activities performed ≥4 METs
  4. BMI Body mass index, TAAT Total abdominal adipose tissue, SAAT Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue, IAAT Intra-abdominal adipose tissue
  5. The SHAPE-2 study is a three-armed RCT conducted in 2012–2013 in the Netherlands