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Table 3 Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis on the association between respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics and risky practice of the respondents

From: Self-medication with over the counter drugs, prevalence of risky practice and its associated factors in pharmacy outlets of Asmara, Eritrea

Variable Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Gender
 Female 1.57 (0.9, 2.53)
 Male Ref    
Age
 18 to 24 1.8 (0.85, 3.82)
 25 to 34 1.39 (0.70, 2.73)
 35 to 44 1.54 (0.75, 3.17)
 45 to 59 1.32 (0.65, 2.68)
 60 and above Ref    
Marital status
 Single 1.44 (0.89, 2.32)
 Divorced 5.62 (0.74, 42.49)
 Widowed 4.01 (0.52, 30.90)
 Married Ref    
Educational level
 Elementary and below 21.67* (2.91, 161.24) 15.49** (1.97, 121.80)
 Junior 5.15*** (2.11, 12.58) 4.26** (1.66, 10.88)
 Secondary school 4.51*** (2.75, 7.40) 4.10*** (2.35, 7.15)
 Higher education Ref   Ref  
Occupation
 Private service 1.75 (0.89, 3.42) 1.18 (0.57, 2.45)
 Self-employed 2.1* (1.15, 3.72) 1.05 (0.54, 2.02)
 Unemployed 1.9 (0.62, 5.74) 0.82 (0.25, 2.72)
 Student 2.18 (0.87, 5.45) 2.96* (1.13, 7.73)
 Housewife 3.56** (1.45, 8.70) 1.45 (0.54, 3.88)
 Governmental service Ref   Ref  
Chronic Illness
 Yes 0.8 (0.5, 1.28)
 No Ref    
Religion
 Muslim 2.42* (1.08, 5.44) 2.40* (1.01, 5.72)
 Christian Ref   Ref  
Knowledge of OTC drugs
 Below average 2.36*** (1.48, 3.78) 1.83* (1.11, 3.04)
 Above average Ref   Ref  
Attitude towards OTC drugs 0.9*** (0.85, 0.95) 0.94 (0.88, 1.00)
Frequency of self-medication per month 1.06* (1.01, 1.11) 1.03 (0.98, 1.08)
  1. Note: *** = p < 0.001, ** = p < 0.01, * = p < 0.05, Ref = reference category