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Table 3 Knowledge of breast cancer risk factors, signs, symptoms and diagnostic and screening methods among female members and male heads of households in Kaloleni sub-county, Kenya

From: Breast Cancer knowledge, perceptions and practices in a rural Community in Coastal Kenya

  Females (n = 442) Males (n = 236)
Question n(%)c n(%)c
Do you know at least 2 risk factors of BC?
 Yesa 25(5.8) 23(9.8)
 No 408(94.2) 211(90.2)
Do you know at least 2 signs or symptoms of BC?
 Yesb 115(26.6) 93(39.7)
 No 317(73.4) 141(60.3)
Which of the following methods are used to diagnosis BC?
 Physical exam 44(10.4) 25(11.2)
 Imaging/x-ray 39(9.2) 23(10.3)
 Biopsy 1(0.1) 1(0.1)
 I don’t know 341(80.2) 175(78.1)
Which of the following methods are used to screen for BC?
 Mammography 40(9.2) 32(13.8)
 Regular CBE 47(10.8) 41(17.7)
 Monthly BSE 39(8.9) 31(13.4)
 I don’t know 310(71.1) 128(55.2)
Do you know how to do BSE?   
 Yes 237(54.4)  
 No 199(45.6) NA
Have you ever had a CBE done by a clinician?
 Yes 28(6.4) NA
 No 408(93.6)  
Have you ever had a CBE done by a traditional healer?
 Yes 2(6.9) NA
 No 27(93.1)  
  1. NA Not applicable to male respondents, BC breast cancer, BSE breast self-exam, CBE clinical breast exam
  2. arespondent can answer at least 2 of 15 yes/no questions about potential risk factors correctly (9 yes, 6 no)
  3. brespondent can answer at least 2 of 4 yes/no questions about potential signs and symptoms correctly (3 yes, 1 no)
  4. c total numbers may not add up to 442 (females) or 237 (males) because some respondents did not respond to specific questions