Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of past month tobacco smoking by demographic characteristics, the timing of drop out and reasons for leaving school

From: Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among school dropouts in South Africa

Characteristics Past month tobacco smoking
  % 95% confidence interval   n
Total 50.2    4222
Gender    p < .05  
Boya 61.6 [59.6–63.5] a > b 2416
Girlb 33.9 [31.6–36.2]   1677
Age    >.05  
13 years 48.2 [41.4–55.2]   199
14 years 52.5 [46.4–58.5]   261
15 years 51.5 [45.5–57.6]   260
16 years 50.2 [45.4–55.0]   414
17 years 54.9 [50.5–59.1]   505
18 years 49.6 [45.9–53.4]   681
19 years 49.5 [47.2–51.8]   1772
Province    p < .05  
Gauteng a 57.7 [54.5–60.8] a > b; a > c; a < d 955
Kwazulu Natalb 34.4 [31.7–37.2] b < d 1157
Mpumalangac 39.5 [36.4–42.6] c < d 930
Western Caped 69.5 [66.7–72.1]   1143
Race    p < .05  
Africana 42.8 [41.0–44.5] a < b; a < c; a < d 2975
Colouredb 74.6 [71.6–77.3] b > e 881
Indianc 65.2 [53.3–75.5]   69
Whited 59.3 [46.4–71.0]   59
Othere 45.8 [36.6–55.3]   107
Area    p < .05  
Rurala 44.4 [42.0–46.8] a < b 1659
Urbanb 56.8 [53.9–59.8]   1089
Peri – urbanc 50 [46.6–53.4]   844
Timing of drop out    p < .05  
Grade 7 or lowera 49.3 [45.8–52.9] a < b; a < c; a > f 746
Grade 8b 56.8 [53.0–60.4] b > d; b > e; b > f 680
Grade 9c 58.2 [54.5–61.9] c > d; c > e; c > f 682
Grade 10d 48.3 [44.8–51.8] d > f 797
Grade 11e 46 [42.3–49.8]   667
Grade 12f 37 [32.5–41.7]   427
Reasons for leaving school    p > .05  
No reason for leaving school 49.9 [46.6–53.3]   843
Being pregnant or made someone pregnant 51.1 [47.6–54.6]   775
Working to help the family 53.3 [49.6–56.9]   704
Not enough money to pay for school fees 49.2 [45.7–52.8]   768
Had to help with looking after the house and your
siblings
50.9 [44.3–57.5]   216
Problems with your school work, teachers or the
learners
46.4 [41.8–51.1]   435
The school was too far 47.6 [40.5–54.8]   185
Other 52.5 [48.1–56.8]   507