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Table 2 Cross tabulation of demographic characteristics with smoking habits

From: “Do as we say, not as we do?” the lifestyle behaviours of hospital doctors working in Ireland: a national cross-sectional study

Characteristic Non-smoker % (N) Occasional smoker % (N) Daily smoker % (N) X2
Age
  ≤ 30 86.8 (302) 10.9 (38) 2.3 (8) 14.97*
 31–40 90.9 (479) 7 (37) 2.1 (11)  
 41–50 93.1 (432) 4.5 (21) 2.4 (11)  
  > 50 90.7 (353) 5.9 (23) 3.3 (13)  
Sex
 Male 88 (778) 8.6 (75) 2.6 (23) 8.83**
 Female 92.6 (796) 5 (43) 2.4 (21)  
Work Grade
 Consultant 92.7 (873) 4.8 (45) 2.5 (24) 13.77***
 Trainee 88.2 (703) 9.3 (74) 2.5 (20)  
Sex and Work Grade
 Male (C) 91.5 (520) 6.2 (35) 2.3 (13) 12.93**
 Male (T) 83.8 (258) 13 (40) 3.2 (10)  
 Female (C) 94.4 (352) 2.7 (10) 2.9 (11) 8.01*
 Female (T) 91.2 (444) 6.8 (33) 2.1 (10)  
Marital status
 Married or cohabitating 92.4 (1125) 5.1 (62) 2.5 (31) 21.57***
 Single 86.2 (381) 11.1 (49) 2.7 (12)  
 Divorced or separated 88.5 (46) 11.5 (6) 0 (0)  
Nationality
 Irish 90.9 (1360) 6.7 (100) 2.4 (36) 1.14
 Non-Irish 88.9 (216) 7.8 (19) 3.3 (8)  
Specialty
 Anaesthetics 87.9 (217) 9.7 (24) 2.4 (6) 28.98*
 Emergency 81.2 (69) 12.9 (11) 5.9 (5)  
 Medicine 92.9 (407) 5.3 (23) 1.8 (8)  
 Obstetrics & Gynaecology 86.9 (93) 8.4 (9) 4.7 (5)  
 Ophthalmology 91.4 (32) 5.7 (2) 2.9 (1)  
 Paediatrics 93.9 (155) 6.1 (10) 0 (0)  
 Pathology 92 (127) 4.3 (6) 3.6 (5)  
 Psychiatry 92.8 (259) 4.3 (12) 2.9 (8)  
 Surgery 88.4 (214) 9.1 (22) 2.5 (6)  
Mean Hours Worked/Week
  < 40 88.5 (108) 6.6 (8) 4.9 (6) 6.31
 40–80 91 (1287) 6.7 (95 2.2 (31)  
  > 80 86.9 (113) 8.5 (11) 4.6 (6)  
Total 90.6 (1576) 6.8 (119) 2.5 (44)  
  1. *P value <.05 **P value <.01 ***P value ≤ .001
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