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Table 1 Characteristics of the four groups: the reference group with no childhood sensorineural hearing loss (CSNHL) and the case groups with slight, mild, or moderate-severe CSNHL

From: Childhood sensorineural hearing loss and adult mental health up to 43 years later: results from the HUNT study

  No CSNHL Slight CSNHL Mild CSNHL Moderate-severe CSNHL
  Men (N = 15,059) Women (N = 17,045) Men (N = 147) Women (N = 73) Men (N = 33) Women (N = 33) Men (N = 40) Women (N = 26)
Age: mean (SD) 40.0 (10.1) 39.5 (10.1) 36.9 (8.5) 36.2 (9.0) 38.9 (9.3) 35.5 (10.0) 36.3 (9.1) 37.4 (8.6)
Education: N (%)
 Primary school 2978 (19.8) 3919 (23.0) 34 (23.1) 19 (26.0) 5 (15.1) 7 (21.2) 6 (15.0) 5 (19.2)
 Middle school 6655 (44.2) 5945 (34.87) 72 (49.0) 25 (34.2) 15 (45.6) 14 (42.4) 21 (52.5) 12 (46.2)
 High school 1815 (12.0) 2813 (16.0) 17 (11.6) 13 (17.8) 5 (15.1) 10 (30.3) 4 (10.0) 6 (23.1)
 College/university < 4 years 2142 (14.2) 2821 (16.6) 15 (10.2) 12 (16.5) 5 (15.1) 0 6 (15.0) 2 (7.7)
 College/university > 4 years 1469 (9.8) 1547 (9.1) 9 (6.1) 4 (5.5) 3 (9.1) 2 (6.1) 3 (7.5) 1 (3.8)
Father’s education: N (%)
 Primary school 13,390 (89.0) 15,039 (88.2) 129 (87.8) 68 (93.2) 28 (84.9) 30 (91.0) 33 (82.5) 24 (92.4)
 Middle school 790 (5.2) 930 (5.5) 12 (8.2) 3 (4.1) 1 (3.0) 1 (3.0) 6 (15.0) 1 (3.8)
 High school 645 (4.3) 782 (4.6) 3 (2.0) 2 (2.7) 4 (12.1) 1 (3.0) 1 (2.5) 0
 College/university < 4 years 215 (1.4) 268 (1.6) 3 (2.0) 0 0 1 (3.0) 0 0
 College/university > 4 years 19 (0.1) 26 (0.2) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (3.8)
Mother’s education: N (%)
 Primary school 14,177 (94.2) 16,035 (94.1) 143 (97.3) 71 (97.3) 32 (97.0) 32 (97.0) 39 (97.5) 25 (96.2)
 Middle school 204 (1.4) 244 (1.4) 1 (0.7) 0 0 0 0 0
 High school 637 (4.2) 719 (4.2) 3 (2.0) 2 (2.7) 1 (3.0) 1 (3.0) 1 (2.5) 1 (3.8)
 College/university < 4 years 21 (0.1) 26 (0.2) 0 0 0 0 0 0
 College/university > 4 years 20 (0.1) 21 (0.1) 0 0 0 0 0 0
 SCL-10, range 10–40: mean (SD) 12.08 (3.2) 12.95 (3.8) 12.17 (3.4) 13.88 (4.4) 12.25 (2.6) 13.71 (5.4) 12.62 (3.4) 13.00 (3.1)
 SWB, range 3–15: mean (SD) 11.50 (2.1) 11.56 (2.2) 11.47 (2.1) 11.05 (2.4) 11.82 (1.9) 11.47 (2.3) 12.00 (1.9) 11.79 (2.1)
 SE, range 4–16: mean (SD) 7.03 (1.9) 7.66 (1.9) 7.02 (2.0) 7.97 (1.8) 7.29 (2.5) 8.13 (2.4) 6.73 (1.6) 7.52 (1.7)