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Table 3 Determinants of health care utilization for diarrhea illness from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (n = 730)

From: Health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in rural parts of Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables Health care utilization COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Sought health center Not -sought health center
Child age in months
 0–11 month 104 116 Ref. Ref.
 12–23 month 146 113 1.44 (1.01–2.07) 1.58 (1.08–2.31)*
 24–35 month 75 72 1.16 (0.77–1.77) 1.38(0.88–2.17)
 36–47 month 23 44 0.58 (0.33–1.02) 0.69(0.36–1.28)
 48–59 month 15 22 0.76(0.37–1.53) 0.86–0.39-1.87)
Sex of child
 Male 195 201 Ref. Ref.
 female 168 166 1.04 (0.78–1.39) 1.03 (0.75–1.40)
Birth order of child
 First birth 73 62 Ref. Ref.
 Second birth 55 42 1.15(0.68–1.95) 1.46(0.78–2.72)
 Third birth 53 55 0.85 (0.51–1.41) 1.27(0.69–2.35)
 Forth birth and above 178 208 0.73 (0.49–1.08) 1.32 (0.71–2.48)
Total under-five birth
 One birth 196 198 Ref.  
 Two births 142 143 1.00(0.74–1.36) 0.88 (0.59–1.31)
 Three and above births 25 26 0.97 (0.54–1.74) 0.98 (0.49–1.93)
Mothers marital status
 Married 348 335 Ref. Ref.
 Divorced 12 19 0.61 (0.28–1.26) 0.50 (0.21–1.12)
 Widowed 2 7 0.28(0.04–1.15) 0.34 (0.05–1.49)
 Separated 1 6 0.16 (0.01–0.95) 0.13 (0.01–0.87)
Mothers education level
 No formal education 211 280 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 152 87 2.32(1.69–3.20) 1.96 (1.34–2.88)***
Mothers age
 Less than 30 years 220 184 Ref. Ref.
 30 years and above 143 183 0.65 (0.49–0.88) 0.84(0.55–1.29)
Husbands education level
 No formal education 157 197 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 206 170 1.52(1.14–2.04) 1.11(0.80–1.55)
Desire to have more child
 Wants more children 256 234 Ref. Ref.
 Wants no more children 107 133 0.74 (0.54–1.00) 0.79(0.56–1.12)
Wealth index
 Poorest 119 152 Ref. Ref.
 Poorer 73 82 1.14 (0.76–1.69) 1.05(0.69–1.61)
 Middle 74 65 1.45(0.97–2.20) 1.17 (0.74–1.83)
 Richer 73 52 1.79 (1.17–2.76) 1.25(0.76–2.05)
 Richest 24 16 1.92 (0.98–3.83) 1.19(0.56–2.60)
Exposure to mass media
 No 269 289 Ref. Ref.
 Yes 94 78 1.29 (0.92–1.80) 1.18 (0.80–1.74)
Place of delivery
 Home 228 273 Ref. Ref.
 Health facility 135 94 1.72 (1.25–2.36) 1.49(1.04–2.13)*
  1. Ref. =Reference category
  2. *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05