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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of households, by household food insecurity status, Canada, 2011–12 (n = 120,909)

From: Geographic and socio-demographic predictors of household food insecurity in Canada, 2011–12

  Food secure Food insecure
Marginal Moderate Severe
Weighted N (000 s) 11,468.6 536.2 759.6 333.5
Provinces and territories, %
 Newfoundland and Labrador 88.0% 4.4% 5.9% 1.8%
 Prince Edward Island 84.2% 5.2% 7.8% 2.7%
 Nova Scotia 82.7% 5.4% 8.1% 3.8%
 New Brunswick 84.0% 5.9% 7.1% 3.1%
 Quebec 87.0% 4.9% 5.8% 2.3%
 Ontario 88.2% 3.6% 5.6% 2.7%
 Manitoba 87.7% 4.3% 6.1% 1.8%
 Saskatchewan 87.9% 4.0% 5.8% 2.4%
 Alberta 88.1% 3.8% 5.9% 2.3%
 British Columbia 88.1% 3.6% 5.3% 2.9%
 Yukon 83.1% 5.5% 8.5% 3.0%
 Northwest Territories 82.2% 4.1% 9.4% 4.3%
 Nunavut 59.1% 4.3% 19.0% 17.7%
 Household incomea, mean ± SEM $52,975 ± 438 $30,275 ± 580 $24,778 ± 570 $18,888 ± 454
Main source of household income, %
 Wages/salaries or self-employment 89.1% 4.1% 5.2% 1.6%
 Seniors’ income, including pensions, dividends and interest 92.8% 2.7% 3.2% 1.4%
 Employment insurance or workers’ compensation 62.4% 10.0% 17.3% 10.3%
 Social assistance 32.9% 8.3% 30.4% 28.4%
 Other or noneb 70.7% 9.7% 12.7% 7.0%
 Missing 91.1% 3.5% 4.5% 0.9%
Education (highest level in household), %
 Less than completed high school 79.1% 4.6% 10.6% 5.7%
 Completed high school 83.6% 4.8% 7.9% 3.7%
 Some post-secondary 76.8% 6.4% 10.0% 6.9%
 Completed post-secondary, below bachelor’s degree 86.7% 4.5% 6.2% 2.6%
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 93.9% 2.8% 2.6% 0.7%
 Missing 87.0% 4.8% 6.2% 2.0%
Household structurec, %
 Unattached, living alone or with others 83.4% 4.7% 7.2% 4.8%
 Couple, no children 94.4% 2.2% 2.7% 0.8%
 Couple with children 89.6% 4.1% 5.2% 1.1%
 Female lone parent 72.3% 8.1% 13.3% 6.3%
 Male lone parent 84.8% 5.1% 8.3% 1.9%
 Other or missing 84.8% 5.3% 8.1% 1.8%
Housing tenure, %
 Owns dwelling 93.5% 2.8% 2.9% 0.9%
 Renter 74.4% 7.0% 12.3% 6.3%
 Missing 84.8% 6.7% 5.2% 3.4%
Aboriginal status of respondent, %
 Non-aboriginal 88.1% 4.0% 5.5% 2.3%
 Aboriginal 72.3% 5.4% 14.1% 8.1%
Immigration status of respondent, %
 Canadian born 87.7% 4.0% 5.7% 2.7%
 Immigrant < 10 years 81.9% 7.4% 8.4% 2.3%
 Immigrant, ≥ 10 years 89.6% 3.4% 5.1% 1.9%
 Missing 81.0% 5.1% 9.7% 4.3%
Urban/rural residence, %
 Population centre 87.2% 4.1% 6.0% 2.8%
 Rural 89.4% 4.1% 4.9% 1.6%
  1. aBefore-tax income, adjusted for family size by dividing by the square root of household size
  2. b‘Other or none’ includes child benefits, child support and alimony
  3. cHouseholds identified as including children were those with at least one person under the age of 18