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Table 1 Reported endpoints

From: Tobacco smoking and semen quality in infertile males: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Selective endpoints reported
Al-Turki2014 10 pH of semen, testosterone level, FSH level, LH level, prolactin level
Al-Turki2016 11 Serum testosterone, semen pH
Anifandis2014 12 Sperm immotility
Caserta2012 13 Oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, teratozoospermia, FSH level, LH level
Cui2016 14 Abnormal sperm head, abnormal sperm body, abnormal sperm tail
Gaur2007 15 Oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, teratozoospermia
Meri2013 16 Serum pH
Mitra2012 17 Asthenozoospermia (reduced motility), oligozoospermia (low sperm count), teratozoospermia (sperm with abnormal morphology), azoospermia (no sperm count), immotility, sperm head defect, sperm tail defect
Trummer2002 18 Asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia, teratozoospermia, azoospermia, testosterone, FSH level, LH level, prolactin level
Mostafa2006 19 Amorphous sperm head, pathological sperm midpiece, pathological sperm tails
Osser1992 20 Amorphous sperm head, pathological sperm midpiece, pathological sperm tails
Yu2013 21 Sperm immotility
Zhang2013 22 Semen pH, sperm head defects, sperm neck defect, sperm tail defect
Zhang2015 23 FSH level, LH level, testosterone level
Dikshit1987 24 Immotility of sperms and abnormal morphology
Kunzle2003 25 pH, immotility of sperms and abnormal morphology
  1. Abbreviations: FSH follicle stimulating hormones, LH luteinizing hormone