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Table 4 Diagnostic outcomes compared to Canadian federally incarcerated adult offenders

From: Prevalence and characteristics of adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in corrections: a Canadian case ascertainment study

  Current Sample
(N = 80)
n (%)
Justice-involved Adult Men [14]
(N = 91)
n (%)
Justice-involved Adult Womena [13]
(N = 23)
n (%)
Diagnostic Outcomes
 FASD 14 (17.5) 9 (10.0) 4 (17.4)
  FAS 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
1 (1.2)
0 (0.0)
  pFAS 2 (2.5) 1 (4.3)
  ARND 12 (15.0) 8 (8.8) 3 (13.0)
 Deferred 11 (13.8)
 Not Diagnosed 55 (68.8)
  1. a Due to limitations in the availability of reliable information stemming from neuropsychological assessment and confirmation of PAE, diagnostic classifications were reported as “probable” rather than “confirmed.” FASD Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, pFAS Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, ARND Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder