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Table 4 ED consumers and high consumers with adjusteda odds ratios (OR)

From: Consumption of energy drinks among adolescents in Norway: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total sample ED consumers High consumers
n n OR 95% CI n OR 95% CI
Total sample 31,091 16,258    1090   
School level
 Lower secondary schoolb 19,268 9949 1   638 1  
 Upper secondary schoolc 11,823 6309 1.07 [1.02–1.12] 452 1.10 [0.96–1.25]
Gender
 Female 15,530 9412 1   226 1  
 Male 14,581 6324 2.62 [2.50–2.75] 815 3.66 [3.14–4.26]
Residencyd
 Urban 14,394 7218 1   430 1  
 Rural 16,697 9040 1.18 [1.13–1.24] 660 1.31 [1.15–1.50]
Socioeconomic status
 Group 5 Highest 6148 2785 1   162 1  
 Group 4 6475 3289 1.21 [1.12–1.30] 188 1.03 [0.82–1.30]
 Group 3 6145 3236 1.30 [1.20–1.40] 206 1.19 [0.95–1.49]
 Group 2 6229 3444 1.44 [1.33–1.55] 244 1.34 [1.08–1.67]
 Group 1 Lowest 6084 3499 1.55 [1.43–1.67] 288 1.42 [1.15–1.76]
Frequency of physical activitye
 Often 25,791 13,380 1   771 1  
 Seldom 4351 2325 0.95 [0.89–1.02] 222 1.42 [1.20–1.68]
 Never 573 317 0.93 [0.78–1.12] 62 2.50 [1.84–3.39]
Leisure screen time
 Less than two hours 6755 2619 1   114 1  
 Two-three hours 7117 3446 1.53 [1.42–1.64] 145 1.22 [0.94–1.58]
 Three-four hours 7614 4138 1.90 [1.77–2.04] 208 1.60 [1.26–2.04]
 Four-six hours 5427 3263 2.31 [2.14–2.50] 213 2.18 [1.71–2.76]
 More than six hours 3840 2598 3.03 [2.77–3.31] 379 4.92 [3.93–6.16]
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. High consumers were defined as drinking ED four times or more weekly. a Adjusted for the other variables in the table. b Lower secondary school includes grades 8–10 and ages 12–15 years c Upper secondary school includes grades 11–13 and ages 15–19 years d Urban residency: municipalities with ≥ 20,000 residents, rural residency: municipalities with < 20,000 residents. e Often: once a week or more, seldom: once to twice a month or less