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Table 2 Outcome measures by time point and age category in the provincial assessment (n = 458)

From: Implementation of a co-designed physical activity program for older adults: positive impact when delivered at scale

   Model 1 Model 2
  60–74 y (n = 323) ≥ 75 y (n = 135) p-value (60–74 y) p-value (≥ 75 y) 60–74 y
(n = 323)
≥ 75 y
(n = 135)
p-value
(60–74 y)
p-value
(≥ 75 y)
   0–3 mo. 0–3 mo.   0–3 mo. 0–3 mo.
Month   0–6 mo. 0–6 mo.   0–6 mo. 0–6 mo.
Physical activity 0 2.1 (1.9–2.4) 2.7 (2.3–3.0) *    2.1 (1.9–2.3) 2.7 (2.3–3.0) *   
 (# days/week > 30 min) 3 3.8 (3.5–4.0) 3.6 (3.3–4.0) < 0.001 < 0.001 3.7 (3.5–4.0) 3.6 (3.3–4.0) < 0.001 < 0.001
6 3.5 (3.3–3.7) 3.1 (2.7–3.4) < 0.001 0.155 3.5 (3.3–3.7) 3.0 (2.6–3.4) < 0.001 0.264
Social Exclusion 0 11.2 (10.9–11.5) 12.6 (12.2–13.1) *    11.1 (10.8–11.4) 12.8 (12.3–13.3) *   
 (score, 0–15) 3 11.8 (11.4–12.1) 12.6 (12.0–13.1) * < 0.001 > 0.99 11.7 (11.3–12.0) 12.7 (12.2–13.2) * < 0.001 > 0.99
6 11.6 (11.3–12.0) 12.5 (12.0–13.0) * 0.018 > 0.99 11.5 (11.2–11.9) 12.6 (12.1–13.1) * 0.019 > 0.99
Loneliness 0 4.7 (4.5–4.9) 4.1 (3.9–4.4) *    4.7 (4.5–4.9) 4.2 (3.9–4.5) *   
 (score, 3–9) 3 4.3 (4.1–4.5) 3.7 (3.4–4.0) * < 0.001 < 0.001 4.3 (4.1–4.5) 3.7 (3.5–4.0) * < 0.001 < 0.001
6 4.4 (4.2–4.6) 3.8 (3.5–4.1) * < 0.001 0.014 4.4 (4.2–4.6) 3.8 (3.6–4.1) * < 0.001 0.010
Sitting time 0 8.4 (8.0–8.7) 8.4 (7.8–8.9)    8.3 (7.9–8.6) 8.5 (8.0–9.1)   
 (hours/day) 3 7.8 (7.5–8.2) 8.1 (7.5–8.7) 0.02 > 0.99 7.8 (7.4–8.2) 8.3 (7.7–8.8) 0.02 > 0.99
6 7.9 (7.5–8.3) 7.2 (6.6–7.8) 0.06 0.001 7.9 (7.5–8.3) 7.4 (6.8–7.9) 0.08 0.001
Happiness 0 5.1 (4.9–5.2) 5.4 (5.2–5.6)*    5.1 (4.9–5.2) 5.4 (5.2–5.6)*   
 (score, 1–7) 3 5.3 (5.1–5.4) 5.6 (5.4–5.8)* < 0.001 < 0.001 5.3 (5.1–5.4) 5.6 (5.4–5.8)* < 0.001 < 0.001
6 5.2 (5.1–5.4) 5.6 (5.4–5.8)* 0.001 0.001 5.2 (5.1–5.4) 5.6 (5.4–5.8)* 0.003 0.003
  1. Values are mean (95% CI)
  2. Model 1 adjusted for age and gender
  3. Model 2 additionally adjusted for delivery organization, baseline mobility, number of chronic conditions, education, and BMI (self-reported)
  4. *Significant difference between age groups at specified time point
  5. Significant differences between time points bolded
  6. Note: Physical activity as measured by the single item questionnaire. For social exclusion, higher scores indicate less social exclusion. For loneliness, higher scores indicate greater loneliness. For happiness, higher scores indicate greater happiness. Sitting time censored to a max of 16.5 h/day (26 participants affected)
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