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Table 2 Summary of sample characteristics by medication financial burden (n = 1152)

From: Impact of financial burden, resulting from prescription co-payments, on antihypertensive medication adherence in an older publically insured population

Socio-Demographics Financial Burden
Yes (n = 345)
Financial Burden
No (n = 803)
p
Age < 70 years, % (n) 86.6 (46) 87.9 (97)  
70+ years, % (n) 13.4 (298) 12.1 (705) 0.549
Male, % (n) 46.1 (159) 44.1 (354) 0.532
Education attainment
 Primary, % (n) 46.3 (156) 31.0 (234)  
 Secondary, % (n) 37.4 (126) 45.6 (345)  
 Third-level, % (n) 16.3 (55) 23.4 (177) < 0.001
Marital Status
 Married/Partner, % (n) 56.8 (193) 60.0 (467)  
 Single/Divorced/Widowed, % (n) 42.6 (147) 38.9 (312) 0.319
Private Health Insurance: % (n) 31.4 (105) 47.8 (371) < 0.001
Medical History
 Current Smoker, % (n) 10.5 (36) 7.5 (60) 0.098
 Heart Attack, % (n) 16.3 (56) 13.5 (108) 0.210
 Angina, % (n) 18.9 (65) 12.1 (97) 0.002
 Stroke, % (n) 5.8 (20) 2.4 (19) 0.003
 No. of comorbidities, mean (SD) 2.87 (1.8) 2.29 (1.5) < 0.001
Medication History
 No. of regular medicines, mean (SD) 7.1 (3.9) 6.1 (3.7) < 0.001
 Medication repackaged in MDU, % (n) 13.3 (46) 12.1 (97) 0.555
 Years on AHT medication, mean (SD) 11.2 (8.7) 11.4 (9.4) 0.795
 AHT Dosing Frequency, mean (SD) 1.16 (0.39) 1.08 (0.26) 0.001
 AHT Defined Daily Dose, mean (SD) 2.62 (1.96) 2.60 (2.09) 0.882
 Angiotensin acting agents, % (n) 75.1 (256) 75.4 (596) 0.895
 Alpha-blockers, % (n) 6.5 (22) 5.6 (44) 0.561
 Beta-blockers, % (n) 52.5 (179) 47.1 (372) 0.095
 Calcium Channel Blockers, % (n) 45.5 (155) 42.8 (338) 0.406
 Diuretics, % (n) 26.7 (91) 32.2 (254) 0.067
 BMQ-Specific Concerns, mean (SD) 2.28 (0.63) 2.17 (0.59) 0.004
 BMQ-Specific Necessity, mean (SD) 3.72 (0.63) 3.67 (0.70) 0.226
  1. AHT = antihypertensive, BMQ = beliefs about medication questionnaire, MDU = multi-dose units. n may be smaller due to missing data across variables (n): financial burden (4), age (2), education (55), marital status (29), private health insurance (37), smoking history (8), medical history (1), length of time on AHT medication (137), medication history (17), BMQ-Specific concerns (40), BMQ-Specific necessity (35)