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Table 3 Cluster’s profiles associated with sociodemographic characteristics. PeNSE Brazil, 2015

From: Clustering of diet, physical activity and sedentary behavior among Brazilian adolescents in the national school - based health survey (PeNSE 2015)

Variables Health-promoting SB and diet Health-promoting PA and diet
Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Sex
 Male 1   1   1   1  
 Female 0.81** (0.76;0.87) 0.85** (0.78;0.92) 0.42** (0.40;0.45) 0.43** (0.40;0.46)
Age (mean ± sd) 1.17** (1.14;1.21) 1.07** (1.03;1.11) 1.05* (1.02;1.08) 1.00 (0.96;1.04)
Maternal level of education
 Non-educated 1   1   1   1  
 Elementary School 0.70** (0.66;0.83) 0.76** (0.68;0.85) 0.97 (0.88;1.08) 0.95 (0.85;1.05)
 High School 0.60** (0.54;0.67) 0.64** (0.58;0.71) 0.96 (0.88;1.05) 0.95 (0.87;1.03)
 Higher Education 0.53** (0.47;0.60) 0.63** (0.55;0.71) 1.21** (1.09;1.35) 1.22** (1.09;1.37)
Type of school
 Public 1   1   1   1  
 Private 0.54** (0.49;0.59) 0.70** (0.63;0.79) 0.98 (0.89;1.05) 0.9 (1.09;1.37)
  1. The health-risk cluster is the reference group in multinomial logistic regression
  2. OR odds ratio, 95% CI confidence interval, sd standard deviation
  3. Models adjusted for sex, age, maternal level of education and type of school
  4. * Significant at p < 0.01, ** Significant at p < 0.001