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Table 4 Significance test results for sex differences in weight loss intentions and strategies by demographic characteristics

From: Do sex differences in reported weight loss intentions and behaviours persist across demographic characteristics and weight status in youth? A systematic review

   Studies finding sex difference
Studies finding no sex differences Females higher endorsement Males higher endorsement
Weight loss intentions
Full sample Davis & Lambert [25]E,N
Stevens et al. [41]E,N
Story et al. [21]E,N
Calderon et al. [18]
Childress et al. [24]M
Kilpatrick et al. [19]
Krowchuk et al. [23]M
McVey et al. [20]M
 
Grade level
  Elementary-school Stevens et al. [41]E,N
Story et al. [21]E,N
  
  Middle-school   Childress et al. [24]M
Krowchuk et al. [23]M
McVey et al. [20]M
 
  High-school   Calderon et al. [18]
Kilpatrick et al. [19]
 
Type of strategy Specific strategy    
Healthy
  Exercise McVey et al. [20]M
Story et al. [21]E,N
Childress et al. [24]M
Krowchuk et al. [23]M
Davis & Lambert [25]E,N
Kilpatrick et al. [19]
  Smaller portions Calderon et al. [18]H Davis & Lambert [25]E,N  
  Changed what/how ate Story et al. [21]E,N   
Unhealthy
  Fasting Calderon et al. [18]H
Stevens et al. [41]E,N
Story et al. [21]E,N
Childress et al., 1993 [24]M  
  Skipping meals Calderon et al. [18]H
Stevens et al. [41]E,N
Story et al. [21]E,N
  McVey et al. [20]M
  Fad Diet Calderon et al. [18]H   
Extreme
  Diet pills Calderon et al. [18]H
McVey et al. [20]M
Childress et al. [24]M
Krowchuk et al. [23]M
Story et al. [47]N
 
  Diuretics Childress et al. [24]M Story et al. [47]N  
  Laxatives Childress et al. [24]M   Story et al. [47]N
  Laxatives or diuretics    McVey et al. [20]M
  Vomiting Childress et al. [24]M Story et al. [47]N McVey et al. [20]M
  Vomiting or laxatives   Krowchuk et al. [23]M  
  1. Notes: No study conducted significance tests for sex differences within-race, nor within-weight status. Study characteristics are noted where study sample represents a single demographic characteristic, annotated as follows: EStudy sample composed of 100% elementary school aged participants; MStudy sample composed of 100% middle school aged participants; HStudy sample composed of 100% high school aged participants; NStudy sample composed of 100% Native-American participants