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Table 8 aAssociation between dietary patterns and sociodemographic, lifestyle and anthropometric characteristics (n = 319)

From: Unhealthy dietary patterns among healthcare professionals and students in Mexico

   Traditional Westernized Healthy Animal protein & alcoholic beverages
  n Crude
OR CI (95%)
Adjusted
OR CI (95%)b
Crude
OR CI (95%)
Adjusted
OR CI (95%)b
Crude
OR CI (95%)
Adjusted
OR CI (95%)b
Sex
 Women 227 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Men 92 1.14 (0.70, 1.85) 1.22 (0.74, 1.99) 1.19 (0.73, 1.93) 1.13 (0.69, 1.84) 2.91 (1.74, 4.86)* 3.05 (1.81, 5.14)*
Age (years)
  18 to 22 162 2.13 (1.11, 4.08)* 2.16 (1.12, 4.15)* 0.44 (0.23, 0.84)* 0.44 (0.23, 0.85)* 1.53 (0.81, 2.88) 1.72 (0.89, 3.34)
 23 to 29 106 1.90 (0.96, 3.79) 1.93 (0.97, 3.85) 0.59 (0.29, 1.17) 0.59 (0.29, 1.18) 1.22 (0.62, 2.39) 1.34 (0.67, 2.70)
  ≥ 30 51 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Occupational status
 Professional 129 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Student 190 1.72 (1.09, 2.69)* 1.39 (0.81, 2.37) 0.49 (0.31, 0.78)* 0.55 (0.32, 0.94)* 1.49 (0.95, 2.34) 1.38 (0.80, 2.39)
cBMI
 Underweight 22 2.09 (0.82, 5.38) 2.01 (0.78, 5.16) 0.40 (0.15, 1.06) 0.42 (0.16, 1.12) 0.82 (0.34, 1.98) 0.83 (0.34, 2.07)
 Normal weight 192 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Overweight 78 0.72 (0.42, 1.22) 0.77 (0.45, 1.35) 1.70 (0.99, 2.91) 1.53 (0.88, 2.66) 1.14 (0.67, 1.94) 1.03 (0.59, 1.81)
 Obese 27 1.05 (0.47, 2.36) 1.25 (0.54, 2.90) 0.98 (0.44, 2.21) 0.82 (0.35, 1.90) 0.67 (0.30, 1.53) 0.60 (0.25, 1.44)
Abdominal Obesity
 No 230 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 86 1.12 (0.68, 1.83) 1.38 (0.81, 2.35) 1.35 (0.82, 2.23) 1.17 (0.69, 1.97) 1.00 (0.61, 1.64) 1.09 (0.64, 1.87)
Smoking status
 Non-smoker 282 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Smoker 33 1.05 (0.51, 2.15) 1.03 (0.50, 2.14) 0.71 (0.34, 1.46) 0.68 (0.33, 1.43) 2.94 (1.32, 6.56)* 2.69 (1.18, 6.12)*
dPA energy expenditure (kcal/day)
  ≤ 345.0 107 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 345.1 to 605.2 106 1.06 (0.62, 1.81) 0.99 (0.57, 1.71) 1.68 (0.97, 2.92) 1.88 (1.07, 3.31)* 1.23 (0.72, 2.11) 1.23 (0.70, 2.15)
  ≥ 605.3 106 0.88 (0.51, 1.50) 0.80 (0.46, 1.38) 3.68 (2.09, 6.49)* 4.17 (2.32, 7.49)* 1.10 (0.64, 1.88) 0.97 (0.55, 1.70)
High Blood Pressure
 No 264 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 52 0.68 (0.37, 1.24) 0.72 (0.37, 1.38) 0.98 (0.54, 1.78) 0.78 (0.41, 1.50) 1.45 (0.79, 2.64) 1.05 (0.54, 2.10)
High HDL-Cholesterol
 No 232 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 84 0.66 (0.40, 1.10) 0.67 (0.40, 1.11) 0.76 (0.46, 1.25) 0.77 (0.46, 1.27) 0.77 (0.47, 1.27) 0.88 (0.53, 1.48)
Hipertriglyceridemia
 No 280 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Yes 36 1.12 (0.56, 2.24) 1.38 (0.66, 2.90) 1.12 (0.56, 2.24) 0.89 (0.43, 1.86) 0.88 (0.44, 1.77) 0.73 (0.34, 1.55)
High LDL-Cholesterol
 No 185 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 131 0.86 (0.55, 1.34) 0.97 (0.61, 1.54) 1.45 (0.92, 2.27) 1.35 (0.85, 2.15) 1.14 (0.73, 1.78) 1.36 (0.84, 2.18)
Hypercholesterolemia
 No 257 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 59 0.73 (0.42, 1.30) 0.99 (0.53, 1.85) 1.03 (0.58, 1.81) 0.75 (0.40, 1.41) 0.96 (0.54, 1.69) 1.16 (0.61, 2.20)
  1. aThe association between dietary patterns and sociodemographic, lifestyle, anthropometric and biochemical variables was analyzed using logistic regression. Dietary patterns scores were halved into two categories, with the second half representing greater adherence to the pattern. The results are expressed as Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% Confidence interval (CI)
  2. bAdjusted for age and sex (sex is presented adjusted for age and age is presented adjusted for sex). *P < 0.05 was considered significant
  3. cBMI: Body mass index. dPA: Physical activity
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