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Table 6 Description of dietary patterns according to sociodemographic, lifestyle and anthropometric characteristics (n = 319)

From: Unhealthy dietary patterns among healthcare professionals and students in Mexico

   Traditional Westernized   Healthy   Animal protein & alcoholic beverages  
Total n = 107 n = 105 n = 107 aP n = 106 n = 107 n = 106 aP n = 107 n = 106 n = 106 aP
  bT1(%) T2(%) T3(%)   T1(%) T2(%) T3(%)   T1(%) T2(%) T3(%)  
Sex
 Men 92 34.8 26.1 39.1 0.194 32.6 28.3 39.1 0.309 19.6 30.4 50.0 0.001*
 Women 227 32.6 36.1 31.3   33.9 35.2 30.8   39.2 34.4 26.4  
Age (years)
 18 to 22 162 25.3 37.0 37.7 0.004* 38.3 33.3 28.4 0.006* 32.7 30.2 37.0 0.597
 23 to 29 106 34.9 32.1 33.0   31.1 38.7 30.2   33.0 37.7 29.2  
  ≥ 30 51 54.9 23.5 21.6   23.5 21.6 54.9   37.3 33.3 29.4  
Health field
 Nutrition 79 43.0 38.0 19.0 0.001* 24.1 39.2 36.7 0.007* 44.3 34.2 21.5 0.247
 Nursing 50 18.0 32.0 50.0   40.0 36.0 24.0   28.0 36.0 36.0  
 Medicine 42 47.6 19.0 33.3   26.2 16.7 57.1   28.6 35.7 35.7  
 Psychology 33 18.2 21.2 60.6   24.2 45.5 30.3   36.4 24.2 39.4  
 Pharmaceutical biochemistry 72 34.7 43.1 22.2   43.1 34.7 22.2   30.6 37.5 31.9  
 Dentistry 37 32.4 29.7 37.8   40.5 27.0 32.4   24.3 24.3 51.4  
 Other areas 5 0.0 60.0 40.0   40.0 0.0 60.0   40.0 40.0 20.0  
Occupational status
 Professional 129 43.4 31.0 25.6 0.004* 27.9 28.7 43.4 0.006* 34.1 35.7 30.2 0.609
 Student 190 26.3 34.7 38.9   37.4 36.3 26.3   33.2 31.6 35.3  
dBMI
 Underweight 22 13.6 45.5 40.9 0.350 59.1 31.8 9.1 0.030* 40.9 27.3 31.8 0.394
 Normal weight 192 33.3 32.8 33.9   33.9 34.9 31.3   31.8 38.0 30.2  
 Overweight 78 41.0 29.5 29.5   24.4 33.3 42.3   33.3 25.6 41.0  
 Obese 27 25.9 37.0 37.0   37.0 22.2 40.7   40.7 25.9 33.3  
eAO      0.266     0.179     0.787
 Yes 86 27.9 31.4 40.7   25.6 34.9 39.5   36.0 30.2 33.7  
 No 230 34.8 33.9 31.3   36.1 32.6 31.3   32.6 33.9 33.5  
Smoking status      0.722     0.737     0.002*
 Non-smoker 282 33.3 33.3 33.3   33.7 32.6 33.7   35.5 34.0 30.5  
 Smoker 33 27.3 33.3 39.4   30.3 39.4 30.3   15.2 24.2 60.6  
fPA energy expenditure (kcal/day)
  ≤ 345.0 107 35.5 33.6 30.8 0.948 47.7 32.7 19.6 0.001* 34.6 36.4 29.0 0.648
 345.1 to 605.2 106 33.0 33.0 34.0   33.0 35.8 31.1   31.1 34.9 34.0  
  ≥ 605.3 106 31.1 33.0 35.8   19.8 33.1 49.1   34.9 28.3 36.8  
  1. aThe association between proportions was calculated using the chi-squared statistical test. *P < 0.05 was considered significant
  2. bT: tertile
  3. cOther health fields: Biology, Chemistry, Ph.D. in Public Health
  4. dBMI: Body mass index
  5. eAO: Abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 80 cm in women and ≥ 90 cm in men (criteria for Central and South American populations))
  6. fPA: Physical activity
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