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Table 5 Characteristics of interview population based on allergen avoided

From: Comparing the eating out experiences of consumers seeking to avoid different food allergens

Variable Gluten (n = 13)
n (%) or M (SD)
Nuts (n = 14)
n (%) or M (SD)
Milk (n = 13)
n (%) or M (SD)
Multiplea (n = 9)
n (%) or M (SD)
Adult 12 (92.3) 11 (78.6) 8 (61.5) 9 (100)
Parent 1 (7.7) 3 (21.4) 5 (38.5) 0
Gender
 Adult/Parent
  Male 1 (7.7) 5 (34.7) 4 (30.8) 1 (11.1)
  Female 12 (92.3) 9 (64.3) 9 (69.2) 8 (88.9)
 Childa
  Male 0 2 (66.7) 2 (40.0) 0
  Female 1 (100) 1 (33.3) 3 (60.0) 0
Age (yrs)
  Adult/Parent 37.5 (18.0) 38.9 (15.2) 43.1 (10.8) 39.78 (13.3)
  Childb < 10 0 0 1 (20.0) 0
   10–14 0 2 (66.7) 0 0
    > 14 1 (100) 1 (33.3) 4 (80.0) 0
Food allergic 1 (7.7) 14 (100) 2 (15.4) 5 (55.6)
Food intolerant 12 (92.3) 0 11 (84.6) 4 (44.4)
Diagnosis
  Clinical diagnosis
  (by GP; Dietician or Allergy specialist at hospital)
10 (76.9) 13 (92.9) 7 (53.8) 3
  Self diagnosis 3 (23.1) 1 (7.1) 6 (46.2) 2
Severity of reaction (FA only)c
  Mild/Moderate 1 (100) 7 (50.0) 2 (100) 3 (60.0)
  Severe 0 7 (50.0) 0 2 (40.0)
Time since diagnosis (yrs)
   < 3 0 1 (7.1) 0 0
  3–7 8 (61.5) 3 (21.4) 5 (38.5) 4 (44.4)
   ≥ 7 5 (38.5) 10 (71.4) 8 (61.5) 1 (11.1)
Treatment
  Avoidance 13 (100) 14 (100) 13 (100) 9 (100)
  Antihistamines 2 (15.4) 7 (50.0) 3 (23.1) 3 (33.3)
  Injectable adrenaline 1 (7.7) 7 (50.0) 0 1 (11.1)
  Inhaler 0 4 (28.6) 0 0
  Special diet 8 (61.5) 2 (14.3) 5 (38.5) 1 (11.1)
Support group membership 2 (15.4) 3 (21.4) 0 2 (22.2)
  1. aTwo or more target allergens avoided- e.g. gluten and milk
  2. bChild % calculation based on total parent participants per allergen group
  3. cSeverity % calculation based on total FA participants per allergen group
  4. Where % total > 100, participants could select multiple responses. Where % total < 100, there are missing values