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Table 1 Key diet behaviours to assess change towards a Mediterranean diet

From: Development of a peer support intervention to encourage dietary behaviour change towards a Mediterranean diet in adults at high cardiovascular risk

Dietary behaviours Targets to determine MD change
Daily Weekly
Increase Monounsaturated fat (MUFA) Olive/rapeseed oils ≥ 4 tblsp (60mls); MUFA-rich spreads ≥ 3 tsp (15g) Natural nuts ≥ 3 handfuls (90g)
Increase fruit and vegetables Fruits ≥ 2 portions (160g)
Vegetables ≥ 3 portions (240g)
Legumes ≥ 3 portions (240g)
Increase wholegrains Preferential consumption of wholegrain cereals over white varieties  
Increase fish (particularly oily fish)   Fish ≥ 3 servings (420g) (not battered or crumbed)
Reduce meat   Red meat ≤ 2 servings (300g)
Processed meat ≤ 1 serving (150g)
Reduce confectionary   Confectionary ≤ 3 servings
Moderate alcohol   Alcohol (if consumed) 125-375 ml ≥ 3 days
  1. MDS Mediterranean Diet Score