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Table 9 Overview of determinants and studies included in meta-analyses

From: Determinants of participation in voluntary work: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies

Determinant Articles that reported an association between the determinant and the outcome Studies selected for inclusion in meta-analysis
Demographic Variables
 Age Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Choi & Chou (19); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Mike et al. (28); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Pavlova & Silbereisen (33); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37); Voorpostel & Coffé (38) Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Pavlova & Silbereisen (33); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37)
 Gender Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Choi & Chou (19); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Mike et al. (28); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (38) Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (38)
 Ethnicity Ajrouch et al. (16); Choi & Chou (19); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (31); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36) Ajrouch et al. (16); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Lim & MacGregor (26); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (31); Son & Wilson (36)
 Marital Status Bartels et al. (17); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Choi & Chou (19); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Einolf & Philbrick (23); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37) Bartels et al. (17)a; Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37)
 Parental Status Bartels et al. (17); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Nesbit (29); Voorpostel & Coffé (37) Bartels et al. (17)29; Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Nesbit (29); Voorpostel & Coffé (37)
Socioeconomic Status
 Educational Attainment Ajrouch et al. (16); Bartels et al. (2013); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Choi & Chou (19); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Mike et al. (28); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (2010); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37); Voorpostel & Coffé (38) Ajrouch et al. (16); Bartels et al. (2013)29; Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Lim & MacGregor (26); Nesbit (29); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (2010); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (38)
 Income Bartels et al. (2013); Choi & Chou (19); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (34); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36) Bartels et al. (2013)29; Curl et al. (21); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36)
Participation in productive activities
 Volunteering at Baseline Cramm & Nieboer (20); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Nesbit (29); Pavlova & Silbereisen (33); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37) Cramm & Nieboer (20); Lim & MacGregor (26); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Nesbit (29); Pavlova & Silbereisen (33); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (37)
 Employment Status Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Choi & Chou (19); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Johnston (25); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Okun et al. (30); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (35); Son & Wilson (36) Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Johnston (25); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36)
Health status
 Overall health Status Choi & Chou (19); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Pavlova & Silbereisen (33); Son & Wilson (36) Curl et al. (21); Hank & Erlinghagen (24); Pavlova & Silbereisen (32); Son & Wilson (36)
 Limitations in ADL Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Johnston (25); Okun et al. (30) Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Curl et al. (21); Johnston (25)
 Physical Health Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22); Parkinson (31) Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Parkinson (31)
 Mental Health Ajrouch et al. (16); Curl et al. (21); Parkinson (31) Ajrouch et al. (16); Curl et al. (21); Parkinson (31)
 Cognitive Health Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21); Curl et al. (22) Cramm & Nieboer (20); Curl et al. (21)
Social relationships
 Social Network Size Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Lim & MacGregor (26) Ajrouch et al. (16); Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Lim & MacGregor (26)
 Frequency of Contacts Ajrouch et al. (16); Lim & MacGregor (26); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (31); Son & Wilson (36) Ajrouch et al. (16); Lim & MacGregor (26); Okun et al. (30); Parkinson (31); Son & Wilson (36)
Religion
 Church Attendance Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Johnston (25); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Okun et al. (30); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (38) Broese van Groenou en Van Tilburg (11); Johnston (25); McNamara & Gonzales (27); Son & Wilson (36); Voorpostel & Coffé (38)
 Religious Identification Choi & Chou (19); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); Son & Wilson (36) Choi & Chou (19); Johnston (25); Lim & MacGregor (26); Son & Wilson (36)
Other
 Driving Status Curl et al. (21); Parkinson (31) Curl et al. (21); Parkinson (31)
 Attending Meetings Choi & Chou (19); Okun et al. (30) Choi & Chou (19); Okun et al. (30)
  1. aBartels et al. (2013) present several models. The results from the Panel Data Logit with Fixed Effects (XtLogit FE) model were used in our analyses
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