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Table 4 Prevalence of protective and risk factors for road safety

From: Prevalence and predictors of injuries in Kenya: findings from the national STEPs survey

Protective factor Road Traffic Accident
No (n (%)) Yes (n (%)) Total (n (%))
Seat belt use
 All of the time 405 (12.5) 15 (14.0) 420 (12.5)
 Sometimes 1016 (31.2) 29 (28.1) 1046 (31.1)
 Never 1596 (49.1) 51 (49.2) 1647 (49.1)
 Seat belt not present 236 (7.3) 9 (8.7) 245 (7.3)
Total 3253 (96.9) 105 (3.1) 3358
Helmet wearing
 All of the time 186 (5.5) 21 (16.3) 206 (5.9)
 Sometimes 316 (9.4) 20 (16.0) 336 (9.6)
 Never 2101 (62.6) 60 (47.1) 2160 (62.0)
 Helmet not present 756 (22.5) 26 (20.6) 782 (22.4)
Total 3358 (96.4) 127 (3.6) 3485
Ride on motorbike while drunk
 Always 128 (4.4) 20 (20.2) 148 (4.9)
 Sometimes 205 (7.1) 9 (9.5) 215 (7.1)
 Never 2583 (88.6) 69 (70.2) 2652 (88.0)
Total 2916 (96.7) 98 (3.3) 3014
Drove vehicle while drunk
 No 3977 (91.7) 134 (96.4) 4111 (91.9)
 Yes 359 (8.3) 5 (3.6) 364 (8.1)
Total 4336 (96.9) 139 (3.1) 4475
Designated road crossing areas
 Every time 626 (15.9) 17 (13.2) 643 (15.8)
 Sometimes 741 (18.8) 29 (22.1) 770 (18.9)
 Never 913 (23.2) 41 (31.2) 954 (23.5)
 No designated area 1655 (42.1) 44 (33.5) 1699 (41.8)
 Total 3935 (96.8) 130 (3.2) 4065
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