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Table 2 Predictors of physical inactivity among adults aged 18–69 years in Kenya (2015)

From: Prevalence and predictors of physical inactivity levels among Kenyan adults (18–69 years): an analysis of STEPS survey 2015

Predictor Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 1.00  
 Female 1.72 (1.15, 2.56) 0.008*
Age group
 50–69 1.00  
 18–29 1.17 (0.70, 1.98) 0.550
 30–39 2.04 (1.12, 3.73) 0.021*
 40–49 1.90 (1.01, 3.61) 0.048*
Residence
 Urban 1.00  
 Rural 1.61 (0.96, 2.69) 0.069
Education level
 No formal education 1.00  
 Primary incomplete 2.54 (1.38, 4.67) 0.003*
 Primary complete 5.33 (2.54, 11.19) 0.000*
 Secondary and above 2.99 (1.60, 5.60) 0.001*
Wealth band
 Poorest 1.00  
 Second 1.23 (0.63, 2.39) 0.550
 Middle 2.94 (1.15, 7.54) 0.025*
 Fourth 0.86 (0.42, 1.75) 0.672
 Richest 0.39 (0.18, 0.84) 0.016*
Tobacco use
 No 1.00  
 Yes 1.32 (0.75, 2.34) 0.334
Weekly alcohol drinking
 No alcohol 1.00  
 Daily 1.97 (0.47, 8.23) 0.351
 3 or more days 0.80 (0.36, 1.78) 0.581
 Less than 3 days 0.93 (0.60, 1.45) 0.753
Hypertension
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.67 (0.44, 1.02) 0.064
Waist circumference
 Normal 1.00  
 Centrally obese 0.83 (0.52, 1.31) 0.417
Waist Hip Ratio
 Normal 1.00  
 Centrally obese 1.53 (0.99, 2.35) 0.055
HDL cholesterol
 Normal 1.00  
 Low 1.83 (1.09, 3.08) 0.023*
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05
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