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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Self-management of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

  Author Year Country Study Type Sample characteristics Reported outcomes
Sample size Male Female Average age Healthy eating Being active Monitoring Medication Risk Reduction Psychosocial
Observational studies Awah [57] 2008 Cameroon cross-sectional 20 11 9 62.5     x   
Awah [15] 2009 Cameroon cross-sectional 65 30 35       
Kassahun [43] 2016 Ethiopia cross-sectional 309 189 120 50    x x   
Sorato [31] 2016 Ethiopia cross-sectional 194 95 99 50.3 x x x x   
Wabe [42] 2011 Ethiopia cross-sectional 384 186 161 48.3    x x x  
Bruce [50] 2015 Ghana cross-sectional 200 95 105     x x  
de-Graft Aikins [23] 2014 Ghana cross-sectional 20 2 18 60 x   x x x  
Doherty [27] 2014 Ghana cross-sectional 30 10 20 48.7 x      
Mogre [30] 2016 Ghana cross-sectional 222 74 148 48.4 x x     
Obirikorang [54] 2016 Ghana cross-sectional 630 243 387 55.2      x  
Obirikorang [26] 2016 Ghana cross-sectional 543 232 311 51.1 x x    x  
Matheka [44] 2013 Kenya cross-sectional 187    x    
Adibe [38] 2011 Nigeria cross-sectional 314 136 178 43   x    x  
Adisa [24] 2009 Nigeria cross-sectional 121 60 61 x x x x   
Adisa [29] 2011 Nigeria cross-sectional 114 51 63 61.3 x x x x   
Awotibede [37] 2016 Nigeria cross-sectional 299 105 194 51.9   x     
Ezuruike [48] 2016 Nigeria cross-sectional 112 43 69 46     x   
Iwuala [47] 2015 Nigeria cross-sectional 100 38 62 59.9    x    
Jackson [51] 2015 Nigeria cross-sectional 303 171 132 54.5     x   
Ogbera [40] 2011 Nigeria cross-sectional 150 50 100 69.9   x x x   x
Onakpoya [49] 2010 Nigeria cross-sectional 83 32 51 57.5     x x  
Oyetunde [52] 2014 Nigeria cross-sectional 102 35 67 59.6     x   
Yusuff [46] 2008 Nigeria cross-sectional 200 110 90     x x  
Jackson [36] 2014 Nigeria cross-sectional 303 132 171 50   x x x x  
Adeniyi [22] 2015 South Africa cross-sectional 17 6 11 58.5 x x   x x x
Haque [53] 2005 South Africa cross-sectional     x   
Matwa [55] 2003 South Africa cross-sectional 15 5 10 61.4      x  
Mendenhall [56] 2015 South Africa cross-sectional 27 27 59     x   
Nthangeni [33] 2001 South Africa cross-sectional 288 133 155 62 x    x   
Okonta [39] 2014 South Africa cross-sectional 217 51 x x     
Steyl [35] 2014 South Africa cross-sectional 26 11 15 58.9 x x   x   
Abdelgadir [45] 2006 Sudan cross-sectional 193 95 98 50    x    
Kamuhabwa [32] 2014 Tanzania cross-sectional 469 171 298 54.9 x x x x   
Hijelm [34] 2008 Uganda cross-sectional 25 10 15 x x   x x  
Mayega [28] 2014 Uganda cross-sectional 96 48 48 47.5 x x     
Nielsen [41] 2016 Uganda cross-sectional 10 6 4 65.6 x x x    
Hijelm [25] 2010 Zimbabwe cross-sectional 21 10 11 48 x x x   x  
Experimental studies Awodele [21] 2015 Nigeria pre-post, quasi-experimental 152 47 105 65     x   
Baumann [18] 2015 Uganda pre-post, quasi-experimental 25 7 18 53 x x   x   
Mash [20] 2014 South Africa RCTs 1570 411 1158 56.4 x x   x x  
Muchiri [16] 2015 South Africa RCTs 41 5 36 59.4 x      
Muchiri [17] 2015 x      
van der Does [19] 2013 South Africa RCTs 84 68 16 51.6 x x   x x x