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Table 1 Summary statistics and standardized difference by child gender

From: Gendered impact of solid fuel use on acute respiratory infections in children in China

  Total (N=1940) Male (N=1053) Female (N=877) Standardized difference by child gender
Child characteristics
Fever, cough, soar throat (%) 13.51 12.25 14.99 0.08
Female (%) 45.72    
Age 11.56 11.68 11.41 0.06
Mother’s education level
Graduated from primary (%) 20.62 20.42 20.86 0.01
Middle school degree (%) 40.41 41.03 39.68 0.03
High school degree (%) 18.92 19.09 18.71 0.01
College degree or above (%) 4.79 3.13 6.76 0.17
Household wealth
Household income per capita 7051.90 7097.35 6997.94 0.01
Rooms 4.87 5.02 4.69 0.11
House size (square meters) 118.58 124.05 112.09 0.15
Permeability
Permeable roof (%) 28.40 27.82 29.08 0.03
Indoor Air Pollution (IAP)
Use solid cooking fuel (%) 41.95 43.49 40.13 0.07
Father’s smoking(%) 65.25 63.25 67.64 0.09
  1. Note: Absolute standardized differences in means by gender are presented. Values above 0.1 suggest systematic difference by gender