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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of sociodemographic variables

From: Epidemiology of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs consumption in Spain. The MCC-Spain study

Variable Category Total Women (N = 2023, 49.8%) Men (N = 2037, 50.2%)
Frequency (%) or MEAN ± SD Frequency (%) or MEAN ± SD Frequency (%) or MEAN ± SD
Age (years) Continuous 62.9 ± 12.1 59.3 ± 13.3 66.5 ± 9.6
Age (years) 22–44 421 (10.4) 357 (17.7) 64 (3.1)
45–54 579 (14.3) 428 (21.2) 151 (7.4)
55–64 1013 (25.0) 444 (22.0) 569 (27.9)
65–74 1278 (31.5) 476 (23.5) 803 (39.4)
75–85 769 (18.9) 318 (15.7) 452 (22.2)
Education level Lower than primary 755 (18.6) 372 (18.4) 383 (18.8)
Primary education 1301 (32.0) 616 (30.5) 686 (33.6)
Secondary education 1172 (28.9) 616 (30.5) 556 (27.3)
University 832 (20.5) 419 (20.7) 414 (20.3)
Body mass index (kg/m2) < 18.5 54 (1.3) 45 (2.29 9 (0.4)
18.5–24.9 1498 (36.9) 946 (46.8) 553 (27.1)
25–29.9 (overweight) 1661 (40.9) 640 (31.6) 1022 (50.1)
≥30 (obesity) 847 (20.9) 392 (19.4) 455 (22.3)
Smoking No smoker 1812 (44.6) 1236 (61.1) 576 (28.3)
Current smoker 780 (19.2) 375 (18.5) 405 (19.9)
Former smoker 1468 (36.2) 1057 (51.8) 411 (20.4)
Alcohol consumption at recruitment (g/day) Abstainers 939 (26.8) 637 (37.0) 302 (16.9)
0–19.9 (women), 0–39.9 (men) 2295 (65.4) 999 (58.1) 1296 (72.4)
20–39.9 (women), 40–59.9 (men) 203 (5.8) 74 (4.3) 129 (7.2)
≥40 (women), ≥60 (men) 72 (2.0) 9 (0.5) 63 (3.5)
Alcohol consumption when 30–40 years old (g/day) 0 903 (25.7) 657 (38.3) 246 (13.7)
0–19.9 (women), 0–39.9 (men) 2047 (58.3) 951 (55.3) 1096 (61.2)
20–39.9 (women), 40–59.9 (men) 300 (8.6) 86 (5.0) 214 (12.0)
≥40 (women), ≥60 (men) 259 (7.4) 24 (1.4) 235 (13.1)
Number of births(women) 0   375 (18.5)  
1–2   1085 (53.6)  
> 2   563 (27.9)  
Menopausal status (women) Premenopausal   650 (32.1)  
Postmenopausal   1373 (67.9)  
Chronic disease involving pain Arthritis 1005 (24.9) 626 (31.1) 379 (18.7)
Gout 225 (5.6) 24 (1.2) 201 (9.9)
Chronic cephalalgia 414 (10.2) 307 (15.3) 107 (5.3)
Arthritis, gout or chronic cephalalgia 1425 (35.1) 816 (40.3) 609 (29.9)
Cardiovascular disease or risk factor Diabetes mellitus 594 (14.7) 191 (9.5) 403 (19.8)
Hypertension 1513 (37.4) 587 (29.2) 926 (45.6)
Hypercholesterolemia 1344 (33.3) 580 (28.9) 764 (37.7)
Acute coronary syndrome 312 (7.7) 58 (2.9) 254 (12.5)
Stroke 151 (3.7) 53 (2.6) 94 (4.8)
Other circulatory diseases 628 (15.5) 330 (16.4) 298 (14.7)