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Table 4 DiD estimators using different control countries

From: Does household help prevent loneliness among the elderly? An evaluation of a policy reform in the Netherlands

  9 control countries Sweden as control country Denmark as a control country Germany as a control country Italy as a control country Spain as a control country
B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE
Gender 0.030* 0.07 0.023 0.017 0.009 0.019 0.039* 0.018 0.044* 0.017 0.040** 0.016
Marital status −0.199* 0.008 −0.263* 0.025 −0.223* 0.016 −0.260* 0.021 −0.238* 0.022 −0.218* 0.020
Being a foreigner −0.027* 0.012 −0.029 0.033 −0.116** 0.004 0.043 0.028 −0-083** 0.007 −0.082** 0.040
Received help from others 0.030* 0.008 −0.015 0.020 0.012 0.021 0.049* 0.021 0.033 0.021 0.038 0.020
Number of children −0.006* 0.002 0.002 0.006 −0.001 0.006 −0.008 0.006 −0.007 0.006 0.000 0.005
Type of settlement 0.007 0.007 0.006 0.021 0.004 0.022 0.019 0.20 0.024 0.018 0.013 0.023
Age 0.000 0.000 −0.001 0.010 −0.001 0.001 −0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 −0.002** 0.001
Household size −0.037* 0.04 −0.069* 0.016 −0.077* 0.017 −0.062* 0.015 −0.031* 0.011 −0.049* 0.008
Depressed 0.239* 0.008 0.262* 0.021 0.259* 0.024 0.207* 0.022 0.254* 0.011 0.260* 0.018
   9 control countries Sweden as control country Denmark as a control country Germany as a control country Italy as a control country
  B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE B SE
Presence of chronic diseases 0.009 0.008 0.30 0.20 −0.015 0.023 0.006 0.022 0.025 0.020 0.009 0.020
Mobility 0.043* 0.007 0.032 0.018 0.058* 0.020 0.058 0.019 0.059* 0.018 0.030 0.017
  Difference SE Difference SE Difference SE Difference SE Difference SE Difference SE
Before −0.017 0.014 0.05 0.018 0.05 0.020 −0.02 0.020 −0.09 0.021 −0.03 0.021
After −0.050 0.025 −0.28 0.116 −0.11 0.110 0.06 0.162 −0.18 0.031 −0.05 0.029
DiD (ATT) −0.033 0.028 −0.033 0.117 −0.17 0.112 0.08 0.163 −0.09 0.036 −0.02 0.034
R2 0.17   0.19   0.20   0.19   0.21   0.21  
  1. *p < 0.01
  2. **p < 0.05