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Table 3 Trends in the proportion (%) of non-drinkers among health and health behaviour sub-groups, HSE2005–2015a

From: Investigating the growing trend of non-drinking among young people; analysis of repeated cross-sectional surveys in England 2005–2015

  Year N p-value trend % Change 2005–2015
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Health Behaviours
 Smoking status
  Non-smokers 23 28 22 27 28 31 27 34 33 36 34 6393 p < 0.001 50
  Smokers 12 14 10 13 13 15 15 11 15 17 16 3257 0.083 36
 BMI category
  Normal/underweight 17 23 19 22 26 25 21 28 27 30 26 5523 p < 0.001 55
  Overweight/obese 17 22 15 21 17 22 25 21 24 29 29 2976 p < 0.001 74
 Fruit and vegetable consumption categories
  Five or more portions of fruit and veg 20 24 18 24 29 27 23 25 26 2494 0.084 30
  Three to four 17 23 20 22 21 25 25 33 32 2843 p < 0.001 91
  0–2 18 23 16 22 21 26 22 26 28 2863 0.002 55
 Physical Activity
  Low 43 39 35 1496 0.149 −19
  Medium 25 30 30 1628 0.142 19
  High 15 23 22 1706 0.039 44
Health
 GHQ score
  Zero 20 21 24 20 27 28 37 3619 p < 0.001 79
  One or more (less than optimal) 14 23 20 27 22 23 22 2638 0.174 54
 WEMWBS score
  Mid to high wellbeing 24 22 24 26 30 29 3482 0.006 18
  Low wellbeing 23 23 24 30 29 27 2477 0.237 19
 Longstanding illness (LSI)
  No longstanding illness 18 23 19 23 22 24 23 27 28 31 30 7676 p < 0.001 67
  Longstanding illness 20 25 13b 23 29 33 24 27 26 30 25 2019 0.02 25
  1. aFigures in bold indicate statistical significantly different to 2005, for 95% confidence intervals see Additional file 1: Table S3
  2. bAlternative Baseline year, where no difference found with 2005