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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis showing associations between the study variables and current self-diagnosed depression with help seeking (n = 1684)

From: Self-diagnosed depression in the Norwegian general population – associations with neuroticism, extraversion, optimism, and general self-efficacy

Independent variables Multivariate model
B (SE) OR p 95% CI
Age increase in 10 years −0.16 (0.10) 0.85 0.10 0.70–1.03
Gender 0.22 (0.30) 1.25 0.46 0.70–2.23
Education 0.38 (0.28) 1.47 0.17 0.85–2.54
Work status −0.58 (0.34) 0.56 0.09 0.29–1.09
General self-efficacy −0.51 (0.23) 0.60 <  0.05 0.39–0.93
Optimism −0.34 (0.29) 0.71 0.24 0.40–1.26
Extraversion −0.08 (0.07) 0.93 0.29 0.80–1.07
Neuroticism 0.74 (0.09) 2.09 < 0.001 1.74–2.51
  1. Adjusted model parameters: Nagelkerke R2 = 0.35, Cox & Snell R2 = 0.11, Model χ2 = 183.24, p < 0.001, Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 10.33, p = 0.24. Reference categories are lower age, male gender, low education, not working, and lower levels of general self-efficacy, optimism, extraversion, and neuroticism