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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the meta-analysis

From: Epidemiology of Listeria monocytogenes prevalence in foods, animals and human origin from Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Publication year Years of study City or Province/Region Diagnostic method Sample source Types food/animal species/Human Study design Sample size L. monocytogenes Predominant serotypes L. innocua Total Ref
Firouzi et al. 2000 UN Shiraz/South Culture Human Slaughter houses Cross sectional 130 0 0 3 6
Akhondzadeh Basti et al. 2004 UN Tehran and Guilan/North Culture Food Fresh fish, salted and smoked fish Cross sectional 120 4 4b 7
Moshtaghi et al. 2007 2005 Shahrekord/Central Culture Food Raw milk Cross sectional 500 8 4b 3 11 8
Rahimi et al. 2008 2006–2007 Isfahan/Central Culture Animal Cattle Cross sectional 200 6 9
Jalali et al. 2008 2003–2005 Isfahan/ Central PCR Food Meat, diary, vegetables products ready to eat food Cross sectional 461 7 13 27 4
Jamshidi et al. 2009 2002–2003 Bandar Abbas/South Serology Human ‘Spontaneous abortion, control group Case-control study 450 124 10
Jami et al. 2010 2008 Mashhad/Northeast PCR Food Raw milk Cross sectional 100 4 11
Rahimi et al. 2010 2007–2009 Isfahan/Central PCR Food Milk,dairy products Cross sectional 594 18 32 55 12
Mahmoodi et al. 2010 UN Noorabad/South Culture Food Raw milk, White cheese, yoghurt Cross sectional 360 6 13
Lotfollahi et al. 2011 2009–2010 Tehran/North Culture Human Spontaneous abortions Cross sectional 100 9 14
Rahimi et al. 2011 UN Tehran/North Culture Human Pregnant mothers Cross sectional 512 5 15
Rahimi et al. 2011 2009–2010 Isfahan and Shahrekord/Central PCR Food Sea food Cross sectional- 264 5 15 20 16
Ghasemian Safaei et al. 2011 2008 Shahrekord/Central Culture Food Eggs Cross sectional 100 0 17
Goudarzi et al. 2012 2011 Karaj/North PCR Human Women with septic abortion Cross sectional 87 12 18
Fallah et al. 2012 2010–2011 Shahrekord/Central PCR Food Poultry product Cross sectional 402 52 4b, 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c 62 134 2
Zarei et al. 2012 UN Ahvaz/Southwest PCR Food Raw/fresh,frozen, and ready-to-eat (RTE) seafood Cross sectional 245 2 19
Hosseinzadeh et al. 2012 2009 Shiraz/South PCR Animal Poultry flocks Cross sectional 100 7 20
Safarpoor Dehkordi et al. 2012 2011 Various parts of Iran Real-Time PCR Food Milk Cross sectional- 596 69 21
Animal Vaginal swab/Urine samples 1575 158
Rahimi et al. 2012 2009–2010 Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari/Central and South Culture and PCR Food Dairy products Cross sectional 290 5 14 21 22
Rahimi et al. 2012 2010–2011 Various parts of Iran PCR Food Raw meats Cross sectional 1107 27 98 141 23
Seifi et al. 2012 2009–2010 North and west PCR Animal Broiler fl ocks Cross sectional 490 44 24
Fallah et al. 2013 2011–2012 Shahrekord/ Central PCR Food Raw and RTE seafood product Cross sectional 462 35 1/2a, 4b, 1/2c, 1/2b, 4c 25
Jamali et al. 2013a 2008–2010 Tehran/North PCR Food Raw milk Cross sectional 446 18 1/2a, 3a; 1/2c, 3c; 4b, 4d, 4e 48 83 26
Jamali et al. 2013b 2008–2010 Tehran/North PCR Food Milk Cross sectional 207 17 (4b, 4d or 4e), (1/2a or 3a), (1/2b, 3b or 7), (1/2c or 3c) 3 21 27
Sohrabi et al. 2013 UN Isfahan/Central Culture Food Poultry meat Cross sectional 52 1 11 12 28
Vahedi et al. 2013 2011 Sari/North Culture Food Milk Cross sectional 200 0 29
Momtaz et al. 2013 2010–2011 Isfahan and Shahrekord/Central PCR Food Fresh fish/shrimp samples Cross sectional 300 18 4b, 1/2b, 1/2a 2 24 30
Salehian et al. 2013 2012 Sari/North Culture Food Traditional ice cream Cross sectional 50 1   31
Zarei et al. 2013 UN Ahvaz/ Southwest PCR Food Beef, buffalo and lamb meats Cross sectional 210 7 32
Akya et al. 2013 UN Kermanshah/West Culture Food Dairy, meat, products,RTE Cross sectional 530 3 56 66 33
Shakib et al. 2013 UN Lorestan/West PCR Human Pregnant women Cross sectional 100 0 34
Rahimi et al. 2014 2010–2011 Fars and Khuzestan/South and Southwest PCR Food Bulk milk, camel, Water, buffalo, ovine, caprine, Cross sectional 260 7 13 27 3
Eslami et al. 2014 2012–2013 Tehran/North PCR Human Women with abortion Cross sectional 96 16 35
Alidoosti et al. 2014 2012 Isfahan/Central Culture Animal domestic dogs   92 1 1/2b 36
Jamali et al. 2014 2008–2010 Tehran/North Culture Animal Duck, goose intestinal contents Cross sectional 471 19 5 58 37
Moosavy et al. 2014 UN Tabriz/Northwest Culture Food Raw milk Cross sectional 18 9 38
Haghi et al. 2015 2014 Zanjan/West PCR Food Bovine milk, ovine milk Cross sectional 60 0 39
Haghroosta et al. 2015 UN Ahvaz/ Southwest Serologic Human Pregnant women with spontaneous abortion and healthy pregnant women Cross sectional 180 43 40
Jamali et al. 2015 2012–2014 Mazandaran/North PCR Food Raw fish Cross sectional 488 104 1/2a, 4b, 1/2b 34 37 41
Soltan Dallal et al. 2015 2013 Tehran/North Culture Food Vegetables, salads Cross sectional 200 1 48 42
Mashak et al. 2015 2011–2012 Tehran/North Culture Food Fresh, frozen meats Cross sectional 410 115 1/2a, 4b, 4c, 3b 43
Mansouri-Najand et al. 2015 2011 Kerman/Central PCR Food Raw milk Cross sectional 100 5 44
Pourkaveh et al. 2016 2015 Tehran/North PCR Human Women with spontaneous abortion Cross sectional 317 54 45
Abdollahzadeh et al. 2016 2014–2015 Karaj and Tehran/North PCR Food Fish, shrimp, RTE seafood Cross sectional 201 5 1/2b, 3b, 7, 1/2a, 3a 18 46
Pournajaf et al. 2016 2012–2015 Tehran/North PCR Human Patients with spontaneous abortions Cross sectional 170 14 47
Food Dairy products/meat, 317 20
Animal Domestic animals 130 12
Zeinali et al. 2017 2013 Mashhad/North east PCR Animal Fresh chicken carcasses Cross sectional 200 36 23 80 48
Lotfollahi et al. 2017 2013–2015 Tabriz/North west PCR Food Sausage, milk, cheese, chicken, meat Cross sectional 267 8 (1/2c or 3c), (4b, 4d or 4e), (1/2a or 3a) 49
Human Pregnant woman with a abortion 125 11
Animal Goat and sheep carcasses 50 3