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Table 3 Summary of Articles That Assessed Stairs

From: Examining the relationships between walkability and physical activity among older persons: what about stairs?

Articles That Included Questions on Stairs (n = 5) Age of Participants Geographic Location & Terrain Walkability Measure Used Differentiated Between Indoor & Outdoor Stairs Question (s) on Stairs
De Bourdeaudhuij et al. (2003) [48], De Bourdeaudhuij et al. (2005) [49] 2003: 18–65a
2005: Sample 1: Mean = 35.1 (SD = 11.5); Sample 2: Mean = 34.1 (SD = 12.3)b
Urban (no information on terrain)
Compared (city centre, suburbs, & countryside); no information on terrain
Self-created items on walkability N (both papers) “Are the stairs at your work accessible? Safe? Pleasant?” (Y, N, NA)
Kerr et al. (2011) [50] 66+ Urban; Assessed curved paths and path with moderate slope Audit of Physical Activity Resources for Seniors (APARS) Y “Outside stairways (not from building)” (Y/N)
“>  2 staircase” (Y/N),
“>  1 staircase visible from main entrance” (Y/N)
Koh et al. (2015) [51] 65+ Urban; Assessed slopes in neighborhood Self-created items on walkability N (appears to focus on outdoor stairs only) “There are few stairs/slopes in my neighbourhood” [“Strongly disagree” to “Strongly agree” (4-point scale)]
Tsai et al. (2013) [52] 75–81 Urban; Terrain was one variable they looked at (defined as hilly terrain and poor street conditions) Self-created items on walkability Y Survey questions not written out in article but they asked about environmental mobility barriers which includes presence of outdoor or indoor stairs in entrances (Y/N)
  1. aNote that older persons made up a small portion of this sample
  2. bAge range was not specified in the article