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Table 2 Socio-demographic factors/predictors of self-rated health and unadjusted odds ratios (UOR) with corresponding 95% CI and p-values measured in a two-level logistic model

From: Pain and self-rated health among middle-aged and older Canadians: an analysis of the Canadian community health survey―healthy aging

Variable Odds ratio 95%CI P-value
Lower Upper
Gender
 Male Ref. category    
 Female 1.03 0.97 1.09 0.323
Age categories, years
 45–54 Ref. category    
 55–64 0.75 0.67 0.83 < 0.001
 65–74 0.56 0.50 0.62 < 0.001
 75–84 0.37 0.34 0.41 < 0.001
 85+ 0.36 0.32 0.40 < 0.001
Educational level
 Less than secondary Ref. category    
 Secondary graduation 2.21 2.02 2.42 < 0.001
 Other post-secondary 2.12 1.84 2.45 < 0.001
 Post-secondary graduation 2.57 2.40 2.74 < 0.001
Marital Status
 Married/common law Ref. category    
 Divorced/separate/widowed 0.66 0.62 0.70 < 0.001
 Never married 0.75 0.67 0.83 < 0.001
Total household income, CAD
  < = $20,000 Ref. category    
 $20,000–$39,999 1.52 1.40 1.65 < 0.00 1
 $40,000–$59,999 2.52 2.28 2.79 < 0.001
 $60,000–$79,999 3.74 3.30 4.24 < 0.001
 $80,000 or more 5.72 5.09 6.42 < 0.001
 Not stated 1.79 1.63 1.97 < 0.001
Place of residence
 Urban Ref. category    
 Rural 0.84 0.79 0.90 < 0.001
Presence of pain
 No Ref. category    
 Yes 0.20 0.19 0.21 < 0.001
Life stress
 No Ref. category    
 Yes 0.57 0.54 0.60 < 0.001
Self-reported BMI
 Normal weight Ref. category    
 Underweight 0.43 0.36 0.52 < 0.001
 Overweight 0.96 0.89 1.03 0.226
 Obese 0.60 0.56 0.65 < 0.001
Depressive symptoms
 No Ref. category    
 Yes 0.45 0.42 0.49 < 0.001
Loneliness
 No Ref. category    
 Yes 0.43 0.40 0.46 < 0.001
Type of smoker
 Never/former smoker Ref. category    
 Daily 0.66 0.61 0.71 < 0.001