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Table 5 Tertiles of cardiorespiratory fitness across components of physical literacy for 11-year-old boys and girls

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with physical literacy in a large sample of Canadian children aged 8 to 12 years

20mSRT (# laps) Boys (n = 1510) Girls (n = 1550)
low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d low CRF medium CRF high CRF Cohen’s d
11.5 (3.3) 24.0 (4.6) 47.6 (12.2)   11.6 (2.8) 19.6 (2.6) 35.6 (9.2)  
Physical Literacy
 Total CAPL score 56.4 (11.4) 65.1 (11.0)a 72.2 (10.3)b,c* 1.45 58.0 (10.3) 63.5 (9.7)a 70.3 (9.9)b,c* 1.22
Physical Competence domain
 Total domain score 18.1 (3.8) 21.6 (3.5)a 24.4 (3.3)b,c* 1.77 19.0 (3.6) 21.6 (3.3)a 24.0 (3.4)b,c* 1.43
 Handgrip score (kg) 36.0 (9.8) 37.0 (9.1) 39.7 (8.5)b,c* 0.40 34.6 (9.2) 35.5 (9.0) 37.2 (8.6)b,c* 0.29
 Prone plank score (sec) 42.2 (31.9) 63.0 (39.1)a 93.2 (53.1)b,c* 1.16 43.3 (27.9) 60.0 (37.5)a 85.5 (48.5)b,c* 1.07
 Sit-and-reach score (cm) 23.0 (7.6) 25.2 (7.6)a 25.8 (7.3)b* 0.38 28.6 (8.6) 30.4 (8.7)a 33.1 (8.6)b,c* 0.52
 Waist circumference (cm) 76.7 (14.1) 69.1 (9.4)a 65.3 (6.7)b,c* 1.31 74.1 (12.3) 68.5 (9.3)a 64.8 (7.1)b,c* 0.93
 BMI (kg/m2) 21.8 (5.0) 19.2 (3.3)a 17.8 (2.4)b,c* 1.01 21.1 (4.5) 19.3 (3.3)a 18.0 (2.7)b,c* 0.84
 CAMSA score 29.7 (5.4) 33.5 (4.5)a 36.1 (3.6)b,c* 1.40 29.5 (5.1) 32.0 (4.4)a 34.7 (4.1)b,c* 1.12
Daily Behaviour domain
 Total domain score 15.2 (7.8) 18.2 (7.5)a 20.5 (7.6)b,c* 0.69 15.6 (7.7) 17.2 (7.0)a 19.6 (7.1)b,c* 0.54
 Average daily step counts 10,984 (3740) 11,825 (3865)a 13,209 (4118)b,c* 0.57 9679 (3282) 10,176 (3266) 11,587 (3777)b,c* 0.54
 Self-reported screen time (h/day) 3.4 (2.3) 2.8 (1.9)a 2.4 (1.7)b,c* 0.50 2.7 (2.0) 2.4 (1.7)a 2.0 (1.5)b,c* 0.40
 Average days/week meeting the guidelines 4.4 (2.1) 5.1 (1.8)a 5.7 (1.6)b,c* 0.70 4.4 (1.9) 4.9 (1.7)a 5.3 (1.6)b,c* 0.51
Motivation and Confidence domain
 Total domain score 11.3 (3.1) 12.7 (2.8)a 14.1 (2.1)b,c* 1.06 11.1 (2.6) 11.9 (2.4)a 13.3 (2.4)b,c* 0.88
 Benefits and barriers 1.3 (1.2) 1.7 (1.2)a 2.0 (1.1)b,c* 0.61 1.3 (1.1) 1.5 (1.0)a 1.8 (1.0)b,c* 0.48
 Activity levels compared to peers 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 1.00 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 1.00
 Skill level compared to peers 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.2)a 0.8 (0.2)b,c* 1.00 0.6 (0.2) 0.6 (0.2)a 0.7 (0.2)b,c* 0.50
 CSAPPA adequacy score 4.4 (1.0) 4.8 (0.9)a 5.2 (0.7)b,c* 0.93 4.2 (0.9) 4.5 (0.8)a 4.9 (0.8)b,c* 0.82
 CSAPPA predilection score 4.4 (1.1) 4.8 (1.0)a 5.3 (0.8)b,c* 0.94 4.4 (1.0) 4.6 (0.9)a 5.1 (0.8)b,c* 0.77
Knowledge and Understanding domain
 Total domain score 11.8 (2.8) 12.7 (2.6)a 13.1 (2.5)c* 0.49 12.2 (2.6) 12.8 (2.4)a 13.4 (2.4)b,c* 0.48
 CAPL questionnaire score 11.8 (2.8) 12.7 (2.6)a 13.1 (2.5)c* 0.49 12.2 (2.6) 12.8 (2.4)a 13.4 (2.4)b,c* 0.48
  1. Note: All variables are presented as means (±SD). Statistical significance for the main effect was assessed using ANCOVA controlling for maturity offset. Bonferroni (Dunn) t-test was used to assess differences between groups. Cohen’s d was used to calculate the effect size between the low and high CRF groups
  2. 20mSRT 20-m shuttle run test, ANCOVA analysis of covariance, BMI body mass index, CAMSA Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment, CAPL Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy, CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, CSAPPA Children’s Self-Perception and Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity, SD standard deviation
  3. ap < 0.05 for medium CRF vs low CRF
  4. bp < 0.05 for high CRF vs medium CRF
  5. cp < 0.05 for high CRF vs low CRF
  6. *p < 0.001 for main effect