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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, bite location, biting animal and PEP treatment among animal bite victims distributed by County, 2011–2016

From: Epidemiology and surveillance of human animal-bite injuries and rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, in selected counties in Kenya, 2011–2016

Variable All cases n (%) Kilifi (n = 1931) n (%) Kisumu (n = 2071) n (%) Kitui (n = 1266) n (%) Machakos (n = 295) n (%) Nandi (n = 1762) n (%)
Sex
 Female 3286 (45) 822 (43) 872 (42) 604 (48) 144 (45) 844 (48)
 Male 4019 (55) 1091 (57) 1199 (58) 662 (52) 151 (51) 916 (52)
Age group
  < 5 469 (6) 91 (5) 50 (2) 100 (9) 25 (9) 203 (11)
 5–14 2138 (30) 686 (36) 231 (11) 520 (45) 116 (39) 585 (33)
 15–24 1236 (17) 344 (18) 391 (19) 165 (14) 42 (14) 293 (17)
 24–39 1381 (19) 354 (19) 462 (22) 169 (15) 52 (18) 341 (20)
 40–59 1464 (20) 298 (16) 735 (36) 135 (12) 46 (16) 248 (14)
 60+ 513 (7) 140 (7) 202 (10) 74 (6) 14 (5) 83 (5)
Bite location
 Leg/Thigh 3345 (66) 681 (64) 1343 (65) 346 (57) 204 (69) 771 (77)
 Arm 987 (20) 281 (26) 288 (14) 186 (31) 52 (18) 180 (18)
 Trunk 299 (6) 84 (8) 172 (8) 26 (4) 10 (3) 7 (0.7)
 Head/Face 210 (4) 24 (2) 127 (6) 22 (4) 11 (4) 26 (3)
 Buttock/Groin 197 (4) Nil 141 (7) 25 (4) 17 (6) 14 (0.7)
PEP administered
 Yes 5674 (88) 1022 (96) 1774 (86) 844 (67) 295 (100) 1739 (99)
 No 789 (12) 48 (5) 297 (14) 422 (33) Nil 22 (1)
No of PEP doses
 1 2008 (35) 145 (14) 571 (32) 286 (34) 58 (20) 948 (55)
 2 1411 (25) 109 (11) 812 (46) 146 (17) 39 (13) 305 (18)
 3 1100 (19) 107 (11) 365 (21) 115 (14) 120 (41) 393 (23)
 4 377 (7) 166 (16) 23 (1) 133 (16) 15 (5) 40 (2)
 5 770 (14) 495 (48) Nil 162 (19) 63 (21) 50 (3)
Type of biting animal
 Owned dog a 5208 (72) 1575 (82) 1058 (51) 990 (78) 270 (92) 1315 (76)
 Unowned Dog 1512 (21) 324 (17) 899 (43) 170 (13) 16 (5) 103 (6)
 Owned Cat 380 (5) 14 (0.7) 63 (3.0) 24 (2) 3 (1) 276 (16)
 Livestock b 77 (1) Nil 10 (0.4) 56 (4) 1 (0.3) Nil
 Human 47 (0.7) Nil 24 (1) 11 (0.9) Nil 12 (0.7)
 Unowned Cat 34 (0.5) Nil 17 (0.8) 15 (1) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.1)
 Others c 12 (0.2) Nil Nil Nil 4 (0.7) 7 (0.4)
  1. aOwned dog refers to dogs that are partly confined and spend part of their time roaming unsupervised outside the owner’s property while unowned dogs refers free roaming dogs without a known owner
  2. bLivestock includes donkey and pig.
  3. cothers include monkeys, rats, hyena and other wild animals.